Soccer Player: Remove Money From Banks
A few weeks ago we noted that December 7 is becoming a grass roots "banker mutiny" day, in which citizens across Europe will pull money from their banks and thus force a pan-European bank run on what is already a bankrupt financial system, which survives each day only at the expense of the continent's increasingly indebted citizens, their life of increasing austerity, and of course, the US Federal Reserve and its final backstop. In some ways we discounted the potential reach of this movement. Enter Eric Cantona - just ask any sport afficionado who the most entertaining, flamboyant and skillful football player of 1990's Manchester United was and 9 out of 10 times you will hear that name.
The icon (both in England and France) whose on field antics were only matched by his kung fu skills, and who has a massive popular following, has been recorded agitating viewers (many of them), to enact a bloodless revolution against French banks: "We don't pick up weapons to kill people, to start the revolution... the revolution is really easy to do nowadays. What is the system? The system revolves around the banks. It's based on the power of the banks... so it must be destroyed starting with the banks. This means that the 3 million people with their placards on the street... they go to the bank, withdraw their money  from the banks and these ones collapse. 10 million people and the banks collapse and there is not real threat, a real revolution. We must go to the bank. In this case there would be a real revolution. It's not complicated. You simply go to the bank in your country and withdraw your money. If there are enough people withdrawing their money, the system collapses. No weapon, no blood, or anything like that." A peaceful anti-banking revolution, brilliantly explained so that everyone can understand.
But comprehension is only have the battle. The other half is getting of your ass. Which is why this will never work in the US. As for Europe, we will find out in 3 weeks...
“The money power preys upon the nationin times of peace
and conspires against it in times of adversity. It is more
despotic than monarchy, more insolent than autocracy, more
selfish than bureaucracy. I see in the near future a crisis
approaching that unnerves me and causes me to tremble for
the safety of my country. Corporations have been enthroned,
an era of corruption in high places will follow, and the money
power of the country will endeavor to prolong its REIGN by
working upon the prejudices of the people until the wealth is
aggregated in a few hands and the Republic is destroyed.”
President Abraham Lincoln after the National Banking Act of 1863 was passed
European Central Bank chief Jean-Claude Trichet’s announcement that the Bank for International Settlements is to become the primary engine for global governance is a shocking admission given the fact that this ultra-secretive menagerie of international bankers was once controlled by top Nazis who, in collusion with global central banks, funneled money through the institution which directly financed Hitler’s war machine.
During a speech to the elitist CFR organization earlier this week, ECB head Trichet said that the Global Economy Meeting (GEM), which regularly meets at the BIS headquarters in Basel, “Has become the prime group for global governance among central banks”.
The GEM is basically a policy steering committee under the umbrella of the Bank for International Settlements. In its current form, the BIS, which itself is not accountable to any national government, is comprised of banking chiefs from global central banks, most of which are private and also have no responsibility to their nation states or their citizens.
The board of directors who control the BIS include Federal Reserve chief Ben Bernanke and Bank of England head Mervyn King, as well as Trichet himself.
So how did the Bank for International Settlements get started? The BIS was founded in 1930 by Governor of The Bank of England, Montague Norman and his German colleague Hjalmar Schacht, who later became Adolf Hitler’s finance minister.
The bank was initially founded in order to facilitate money transfers related to German reparations arising out of the Treaty of Versailles, but by the start of the second world war, the BIS was largely controlled by top Nazi officials, people like Walter Funk, who was appointed Nazi propaganda minister in 1933 before going on to become Hitler’s Minister for Economic Affairs. Another BIS director during this period was Emil Puhl, who as director and vice-president of Germany’s Reichsbank was responsible for moving Nazi gold. Both Funk and Puhl were convicted at the Nuremberg trials as war criminals.
Other BIS directors included Herman Schmitz, the director of IG Farben, whose subsidiary company manufactured Zyklon B, the pesticide used in Nazi concentration camp gas chambers to kill Jews and political dissidents during the Holocaust. IG Farben worked closely with John D. Rockefeller’s United States-based Standard Oil Co during the second world war.
Baron von Schroeder, the owner of the J.H.Stein Bank, the bank that held the deposits of the Gestapo, was also a BIS director during the war period.
As Charles Higham’s widely acclaimed book Trading With The Enemy, How the Allied multinationals supplied Nazi Germany throughout World War Two points out, several parties at the Bretton Woods Conference in July 1944 wanted to see the Bank for International Settlements liquidated, because its role in aiding Nazi Germany loot occupied European countries during the war. Norway called for the bank to be shut down, a view supported by Harry Dexter White, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury and Henry Morgenthau, but the BIS survived despite its highly contentious Nazi influence.
Higham writes that the BIS became, “A money funnel for American and British funds to flow into Hitler’s coffers and to help Hitler build up his machine,” founded by Nazi finance minister Hjalmar Schacht on the basis that the “Institution that would retain channels of communication and collusion between the world’s financial leaders even in the event of an international conflict. It was written into the Bank’s charter, concurred in by the respective governments, that the BIS should be immune from seizure, closure or censure, whether or not its owners were at war.”

“The BIS was completely under Hitler’s control by the outbreak of World War II,” writes Higham. “Among the directors under Thomas H. McKittrick were Hermann Shmitz, head of the colossal Nazi industrial trust I.G. Farben, Baron Kurt von Schroder, head of the J.H. Stein Bank of Cologne and a leading officer and financier of the Gestapo; Dr. Walther Funk of the Reichsbank, and, of course, Emil Puhl. These last two figures were Hitler’s personal appointees to the board.”

Higham details how the gold looted from countries invaded by the Nazis was packed into vaults controlled by the Bank for International Settlements, and how Nazis who controlled the bank then forbade any discussion of the theft.

“The BIS was an instrument of Hitler, but its continuing existence was approved by Great Britain even after that country went to war with Germany, and the British director Sir Otto Niemeyer, and chairman Montagu Norman, remained in office throughout the war,” writes Higham, explaining how Washington State Congressman John M. Coffee objected to American money being invested with the bank in 1944.

“The Nazi government has 85 million Swiss gold francs on deposit in the BIS. The majority of the board is made up of Nazi officials. Yet American money is being deposited in the Bank,” complained Coffee.

In 1948, the BIS was finally compelled to hand over a mere £4 million in looted Nazi gold to the allies, and thanks to people like Harry Truman and the Rockefeller family, the bank was not dissolved. One of its most influential directors, Nazi banker Emil Puhl was later invited to the United States as a guest of honor in 1950.

Despite its inglorious past, the Bank For International Settlements continues today as a major management arm of the global elite. The bank wields power through its control of vast amounts of global currencies. The BIS controls no less than 7% of the world’s available foreign exchange funds, as well as owning 712 tons of gold bullion, presumably a sizeable portion of which is the bullion which was stolen from occupied countries by the Nazis who controlled the bank during the war.

“By controlling foreign exchange currency, plus gold, the BIS can go a long way toward determining the economic conditions in any given country,” writes Doug Casey. “Remember that the next time Ben Bernanke or European Central Bank President Jean-Claude Trichet announces an interest rate hike. You can bet it didn’t happen without the concurrence of the BIS Board.”

The BIS is basically a huge slush fund for global government through which secret transfers of wealth from citizens are surreptitiously handed to the IMF.

“For example, U.S. taxpayer monies can be passed through BIS to the IMF and from there anywhere. In essence, the BIS launders the money, since there is no specific accounting of where particular deposits came from and where they went,” writes Casey.

The fact that top Nazis were intimately involved in the activity of a global central bank that is now being touted as the primary powerhouse of the economic arm of world government is frightening. Every time we delve into the origins of the march towards world government, we find that top Nazis were instrumental in setting up and managing the same institutions that today seek to manage the imposition of global government.

Just as with the institutions that comprised the embryonic stages of the European Union, Nazi fingerprints are all over the origins of the move towards a global authority ruling the planet with nation states and sovereignty playing second fiddle. This fact demolishes any notion that global government is benevolent, humanitarian or progressive. Centralization of power into the hands of the few is inherently undemocratic, elitist, and to the detriment of the people.

The Nazis who breathed life into the same framework of global authoritarianism being used to set up world government today may have been usurped by an elite altogether more patient in their bid to impose a dictatorship run by banking dynasties, but the ultimate agenda remains the same – world government by consent or conquest.
FROM Paul Joseph Watson
Friday, April 30, 2010
Former Nazi Bank To Rule The Global Economy
Money, Banking and the Federal Reserve
Leonard Cohen - Everybody Knows
“From now on, depressions will be scientifically created,” declared Congressman Lindberg after the Federal Reserve was established.

The current crisis was also scientifically created. It will continue its ravenous course until the banksters are rulers of us all, as Congressman Louis McFadden, Chairman of the House Banking Committee, declared in the wake of the last Great Depression. LEARN HOW THE BIG BOYS CONTROL THE GOLD MARKETS
Paul Joseph Watson
Monday, May 17, 2010During a recent speech at a conference of elitists in Zurich Switzerland, IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn called for the introduction of a global currency backed by a global central bank which would act as the “lender of last resort” in the event of a severe economic crisis, which would represent another lurch towards fascist centralization of power by financial terrorists busy exploiting the fiscal chaos they created in order to impose world government.
Stating that “crisis is an opportunity,” Strauss-Kahn said that globalists should exploit the financial chaos plaguing the world in order to push for “a new global currency issued by a global central bank”.
Strauss-Kahn said that this global currency would represent a “risk-free asset for the system independent of national currencies,” and that a “global central bank could also serve as a lender of last resort”.
The IMF chief is basically arguing for an expanded model of a system that is habitually used to swallow up and turn entire countries into debt slaves to the IMF.
Of course, the fact that global economic governance has proven to be fraught with instability in light of the euro crisis, with concerns about the single currency’s survival spreading like a virus as a result of the Greece disaster, is irrelevant to globalists, who are still trying to pose as the saviors with their “solution” of more centralization of power and more global governance, despite the fact that this is what caused the problem in the first place.

As we have previously highlighted, globalists are intent on exploiting the financial crisis to set up a ‘bank of the world’ that will be used to further centralize financial regulatory power and control over national economies for the administrative convenience of central bankers.In April 2009 the Washington Post reported on plans to turn the IMF into “a veritable United Nations for the global economy,” giving it “vastly expanded authority to act as a global banker to governments rich and poor.”
While there is no question about the agenda to implement a bank of the world, elitists are still infighting about precisely which institution will run the show.
During a speech to the Council on Foreign Relations last month, European Central Bank head Jean-Claude Trichet called for the Bank for International Settlements to be used as the de facto global bank
May 12, 2010  More than a year and a half after Iceland’s major banks failed, all but sinking the country’s economy, police have begun rounding up a number of top bankers while other former executives and owners face a two-billion-dollar lawsuit.
Since Iceland’s three largest banks — Kaupthing, Landsbanki and Glitnir — collapsed in late 2008, their former executives and owners have largely been living untroubled lives abroad.
But the publication last month of a parliamentary inquiry into the island nation’s profound financial and economic crisis signaled a turning of the tide, laying much of the blame for the downfall on the former bank heads who had taken “inappropriate loans from the banks” they worked for.
BBC NEWS May 14, 2010
Eight banks are facing a US investigation into the rating of their mortgage products, the BBC understands.New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo is looking at whether the relationship between the banks and credit rating agencies was manipulated to gain a better ratings for risky securities.
The banks under investigation are believed to include Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley.
Bad US mortgage debt was one of the main causes of the financial crisis
May 6, 2010
BERLIN — German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Thursday slammed “treacherous” practices by banks during the Greek crisis and said governments must crack down on speculators hunting profits in the turmoil.......“First the banks failed, forcing states to carry out rescue operations. They plunged the global economy over the precipice and we had to initiate recovery packages. Because of these packages, we have become indebted and now, they are speculating against these debts — that is really very treacherous,” she said.
The New World Order Currency Crisis
Rothschilds after Waterloo - Money Masters
The Rothschild banking family is pushing for the privatization of the UK’s motorway network that would force Brits, who already pay road tax, to enrich the coffers of private corporations intimately tied in with the Rothschilds by means of road tolls and pay-by-mile schemes enforced with spy cameras.
“A plan to privatize the UK’s motorway network, giving toll firms access to large swaths of road, would take place under the guise of paying down the government’s debt, British media reported Tuesday, citing a number of key officials who support the scheme, proposed to all major political parties by NM Rothschild, one of the world’s oldest, most influential and little discussed investment banks, founded by the Rothschild family,” reports Raw Story.
Both Transport Secretary Philip Hammond and Business Secretary and UK Treasury Spokesman Vince Cable have signaled that the scheme will go ahead, formally handing over Britain’s infrastructure to transnational corporations and offshore banks at the behest of the most insidious gaggle of globalists ever to walk the earth.
The Rothschilds are perhaps the most larcenous banking family in history, a dynasty that has routinely made vast fortunes from economic collapses it personally engineered, such as the massive London stock market crash during the battle of Waterloo.
In June 1815, Nathan Rothschild, after being told by his agent that Wellington had defeated Napoleon at Waterloo, immediately dashed to London and ordered his agents to dump consuls. This triggered a selling panic, with traders believing that Wellington had lost. Only when stocks plummeted and could be bought for a song did it emerge that Wellington had in fact won, something that Rothschild knew all along, and by this point his agents had bought up cheap stocks for next to nothing. The stock market soared again and the Rothschild family made obscene profits, enabling them to become the richest family in the world.
This gargantuan Rothschild ploy was documented in the excellent documentary, The Money Masters. Watch a clip on this page.
You may also join my group in order to submit your suggestions and anything else that you would like to add to my website that would be helpful
Jurriaan Maessen
June 6, 2010
As Paul Joseph Watson reported in his May 11 2009 article ‘Top Nazis Planned EU-Style Fourth Reich’, top Nazi industrialists were present at the cradle of the European Union and, through the creation of the Bilderberg group, guided her growth during all stages of her development into the post-war era. As reported in the article, a group of top ranking German industrialists planned for an economic super state founded upon a common market for the whole of Europe. It has also been confirmed that the Bilderberg group had their plans for a European Union and currency in place by at least 1955. ‘The idea of uniting Europe in a closed trade bloc is no longer shocking if Germany assumes domination over such a bloc.’, wrote one of the founding Nazi-ideologues in the 19th century. The man who arranged for Hitler to become Chancellor of Germany, Von Papen, had also written about the possibility of a “European Federation” under strict German control of course, with Berlin as its glorious Axis mundi. It has been abundantly pointed out that German industrialists have aligned themselves with the Anglo-American establishment after the war, teaming up to form what is better known as the New World Order. While Europe was blindfolded by terror and death, a book was published by New York publisher Charles Scribner’s Sons which carried the ominous title ‘The Thousand Year Conspiracy’. In the book, the author Paul Winkler offers a fascinating insight into the people who are in the business of engineering financial crises and wars in Prussia from its very conception way back in the dark ages. To gain some understanding about the origin and significance of this ‘Prusso-Teutonic’ establishment, as Winkler calls it, let us follow the author down the ladder into his in-depth research.
A Wartime Publication

You may argue that the hour is late, producing a ‘review’ of a book published well over 65 years ago, but the obscurity in which the book lay hidden all that time and its relevance to our own day, I think justifies an attempt. Pulled from underneath a great stack of wartime literature, and cleared from a thick layer of dust, ‘The Thousand Year Conspiracy’ should raise some eyebrows- not to say make you fall from your chair in amazement. Around the time the book hit the stores in the U.S., few people understood the full implication of this manuscript. All eyes were on the Fuhrer, who was barking orders at trembling generals- all sweaty palms and dripping foreheads- as they scurried in and out of his reinforced bunker. As one of the instruments in their well-planned push for world domination, the German aristocratic elite (Winkler calls them ‘Junkers’ throughout the book) created the biggest bully of them all, Adolf Hitler, to antagonize the world. As far as the Junkers were concerned, Hitler was a dream come true as he was reaping havoc around the globe, thereby forcing his enemies to commence with a world government rising from the ruins of the War that ensued. Around the same time European Parliament founder H.R. Nord promoted his utopian ‘world federation’, Winkler published his book in the full realisation that just such a federation was in the making- not necessarily under the chairmanship of Nazis- but rather in the hands of the people who funded the Nazis into power back in the 1930s. Empires come and go, Winkler argues, tyrants rise and fall- but an unholy alliance holds firm throughout history, guiding the course of events as the world turns. The real controllers seldom appear out from the shadows. They rather stay out of sight, promoting, funding and supervising certain individuals who will do their bidding in the full light of day.
An Unholy Alliance

As the muffled sound of planes was heard snoring overhead, Winkler sets out to identify what he calls ‘the forces behind the forces’: an alignment of two powers that have dominated Germany from the 13th century onward. The first power he discerns in the vast greyness of history is the Order of the Teutonic Knights, which left the Knights Templar in both financial and military regard far behind them and are credited for founding the militaristic state of Prussia. The Order itself, argues Winkler, was the true heir to the Holy Roman Empire and destined to dominate the continent ever since. Where the French Templars were doomed for destruction by the beginning of the 14th century, the Teutonic Order flourished all the more, evolving into the Prussian Order State in the next couple of centuries. To capture the true meaning of this medieval order of ‘fighting monks’, the author convincingly points out that the Teutonic knights have very early on in history aligned themselves with the second dominant power – which can be identified fairly easily as the European, and especially, German nobility. The historic significance of this partnership can hardly be exaggerated. Winkler asserts that the original intentions of the German crusaders to the Holy Land had nothing whatsoever to do with some vague ideology to liberate the Holy Land, but rather with a hidden agenda the German aristocratic elite had prepared long before it even considered taking up the sword to drive out the evil pagans:

‘The Order itself had among its secret aims that of serving as a “Hospital” for German nobility.(…) The Knights used the term “Hospital” in a symbolic sense (…) and concealed behind it one of the aims of the Order- “conspiracy to promote the interests of a caste.”’

While the German aristocracy spun an economic web around Northern Europe with the help of the German Hanseatic League, the Teutonic Order excelled in matters of military conquest. When these two continents collided, the tectonic energy that was released created the ‘Prusso-Teutonic’ alliance.

‘Under the protection of the Order, Winkler writes, ‘a cast of nobles, enjoying the favour and complicity of the Knights, settled in the conquered countries. These “Junkers” in turn tried to appropriate for their exclusive advantage the very aims and traditions which the Order itself had carried down from the Germano-Roman emperors.’
Under the header ‘The “New Order” is an Old Order’, the author expands further on this strange no-man’s-land between light and shadow in which the ‘Junkers’ operate. Winkler: ‘The Prusso-Teutonics know that military occupation of France cannot last forever. Besides, they have probably considered the possibility of a German defeat which would bring about the fall of the Nazi regime.’ He then cites Hitler’s call for a “New Economic Order” and places it into the context of the Old Order of German nobility in conjunction with battle hardened Teutonic Knights: ‘This “New Order” is in its entirety the old Prussian scheme (…), which ninety years before Hitler’s reign provided the blueprint for the creation of European economic unity under domination of a Prussian Germany. It also provided for subsequent expansion of this Prusso-Teutonic Europe through invasion of the markets of other continents, and establishment of “protectorates” throughout the world.’
The Method
The way this Prusso-Teutonic group went about this planned penetration of international markets, Winkler, with a keen sense of understatement, calls ‘A Most Unorthodox Financial Plan’. This plan had already been put into action by this band of robber-barons in the 1920’s, thus facilitating the Nazis in their rise to power. ‘For that group’, Winkler states, ‘the job in mind had to be done in five stages. (…):

    1. ‘The purpose of the first period, inflation, was to permit the looting of the entire German middle class. This was accomplished to the advantage of the Junker class which was able to make money by the tremendous rise in prices, due to scarcity of agricultural products; and also to the advantage of bankers and big industrialists speculating directly on inflation, like Stinnes, Thyssen, and Krupp. These men succeeded, during this period, in buying up tremendous quantities of industrial properties with borrowed money which they were able to repay easily after the currency was devaluated.’

    2. After October 11, 1924, the next step was to encourage the inflow of foreign money under the guise of long and short term credits. Without these fresh funds there would indeed have been nothing left to pick from German pockets. It was (…) essential, above all, to inspire confidence throughout the world regarding the mark, so that foreign credits would begin flowing in heavily.’

    3. During the years 1929-1930 the direction of this operation was reversed. (…) German financial and governmental circles, painting the country’s situation in darker and darker colors, artificially created a panic. This produced, in German and foreign financial circles, a “flight from the mark”(…) Finally, on July 13, 1931, under Bruening’s administration, the financial authorities of Germany took advantage of the climax of the panic they themselves had provoked, to have the government declare a moratorium on internal and external debt payments, and they instituted “control of exchange” on a permanent basis. This control of exchange (…) took Germany off the gold standard.’

    4. The introduction of control of exchange (…) represented complete seizure by the state – and by groups hiding behind the state- of all export and import business. (…) Heavy industry grew increasingly prosperous. Private business suffered and prices of commodities doubled. (…) This promoted psychological conditions favourable for the rearmament program, and prepared the way for the foreign conquest long anticipated by the Prusso-Teutonics.

    5. Properly speaking, conquest- and the attempt at economic domination of world markets which it implies- may be considered the fifth phase of the same program.’
The Fifth Phase

One has to wear blinders the size of grapefruits not to see the same agenda unfolding before our very eyes today. The people we are dealing with are obviously quite different from the obscure, extravagant and otherwise curious little subgroups that make out the bulk of secret societies. Most of them do nothing all day but mix mysticism and alchemy for their own metaphysical pleasure. The Junkers, it is obvious, do not stem from the 18th century Bavarian Order of Illuminati, a trifle as far as secret societies go- the opposite is the case rather. This particular Order compares to the Teutonic Order about the same way the Lions Club compares to Bilderberg. In the course of the last couple of centuries many other secret societies sprang up in, most of them adding up to little more than Rosicrucian-like cults, indulging themselves on beer, occultism and sausages (although it counted some first-class snakes among its members). Nor can these ‘forces behind the forces’ be traced back to the Knights Templar and their heirs, the Freemasons, who get to shroud themselves in perpetual fog while exercising relative little power in fact. However rich their temples may be carved, it is only from the very highest of degrees that any real power emanates- but they can really no longer be considered freemasons at all, but rather members of the Anglo-Teutonic establishment, chuckling over their underlings and their mystic scribbles with relish.

If this order is so shadowy and secret, how come we know all this- you may wonder. Well, this is due more to the lack of concealment by medieval scholars than to the resourcefulness of modern ones. As the author has pointed out, a German aristocratic elite has used Hitler as a steppingstone towards its final goal, to create a world government based upon old feudal principles. Winkler concludes his book with a warning:
‘Hitler is not the real problem in Germany today. His days are probably numbered but whatever may be the manner of his disappearance from the world scene, the
Prusso-Teutonic problem will still be there, essentially unchanged.’
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The bulk of the ownership of the Federal Reserve System, a very well kept secret from the American Citizen, is held by these banking interests, and NONE is held by the United States Treasury:
Rothschild Bank of London
Rothschild Bank of Berlin
Warburg Bank of Hamburg
Warburg Bank of Amsterdam
Lazard Brothers of Paris
Israel Moses Seif Banks of Italy
Chase Manhattan Bank of New York
Goldman, Sachs of New York
Lehman Brothers of New York
Kuhn Loeb Bank of New York
Kansas - Sparks Of The Tempest HOW TO SAVE THE WORLD
"The Secret of Oz"
Keiser Report with Jim Rogers: Banks! Bailout! Scandal!
Suite Madame Blue -STYX
The Money Masters - How International Bankers Gained Control of America
"Whoever controls the volume of money in any country is absolute master of all industry and commerce."  PRESIDENT JAMES A. GARFIELD 1831-1881, Twentieth President of the USA
He who controls the money supply of a nation controls the nation  PRESIDENT JAMES A. GARFIELD HE WAS ASSASINATED.  I WONDER WHY?
Otto von Bismarck...."The death of Lincoln was a disaster for Christendom. There was no man in the United States great enough to wear his boots and the bankers went anew to grab the riches. I fear that foreign bankers with their craftiness and tortuous tricks will entirely control the exuberant riches of America and use it to systematically corrupt civilisation."
Richard Anatone
August 10, 2010

We are broke.

We are now at the point where a little girl with a Lemonade Stand now has to go to the State Department and file for a Permit.

On June 5th, 1933, Franklin Delano Roosevelt signed into law the Emergency Banking Act which declared America bankrupt and insolvent.  Twenty years after the 1913 Federal Reserve Act authorized a private central bank to loan money to the government at interest, the country declared its bankruptcy.  Twenty years after the Federal Reserve Act was passed, Congress enacted House Joint Resolution 192, to “Suspend the Gold Standard and Abrogate the Gold Clause” and the nation became insolvent.  Just twenty years after the Federal Reserve Act became law, gold at twenty dollars an ounce was inflated by FDR to twenty-nine dollars an ounce, confiscated with the passing of the Gold Reserve Act in 1934, and then inflated again to thirty-five dollars an ounce.

And almost a hundred years after the passing of the Federal Reserve Act, gold is at around $1200 an ounce, and the US Dollar has lost over 95% of its purchasing power.  That should tell us something.

What it tells us that it is physically impossible to eliminate the National Debt.  Impossible.  In a literal sense.  We have money backed by nothing but debt.  We have a monetary system where the government says to the private central bank, “Can we have money?” and the private central bank says, “Sure, here’s some paper that says money on it.”  We owe that money and interest back to the private central bank.  And the only way to give them that interest is to increase the money supply by borrowing more from the same Central Bank at interest. To eliminate the debt would be to eliminate our money supply.

I’m sorry if you already know this, but it is still very widespread belief that our money is backed by gold.  Most people say, “But isn’t our money backed by the gold in Fort Knox?”  The fact is that we have no idea what is in Fort Knox because it has not been privately audited since the days of Eisenhower, and there is supposedly $137 billion of gold in the vaults — as if that could fix our debt woes to which 4 billion dollars is added every day—a debt in the trillions of dollars.

The fact is that the Federal Reserve has never been audited.  Ever.  In its near one-hundred year existence, the Federal Reserve, which is neither Federal nor contains Reserves, has never been subject to an audit, and recently passed legislation to do so under the Dodd-Frank bill was nothing but a watered-down version of the HR 1207 which would have conducted a complete and independent audit of the private central bank.  It failed to pass both houses, and the so-called “audit” that was passed will only provide an audit of the recently mis-managed two trillion dollars.

And yet we don’t talk about this—we just argue for “lower taxes for the poor and higher taxes for the wealthy and middle class.”  We argue for “tax credits” while we miss the whole point that our entire money system is the reason for our current crises, and without fixing it, all of the tax cuts and credits in the world won’t be able to save us, because all of our income tax money goes to paying off the interest to the Federal Reserve.

In 1984, the President’s Private Sector Survey on Cost Control released their findings to the public stating:

    With two-thirds of everyone’s personal income taxes wasted or not collected, 100 percent of what is collected is absorbed solely by interest on the Federal debt and by Federal Government contributions to transfer payments. In other words, all  individual income tax revenues are gone before one nickel is spent on the services  which taxpayers expect from their Government.

That’s right—
100 percent of our individual income tax goes directly to pay off the debt of non-gold-backed money borrowed from a private central bank that was unconstitutionally given the authority to print money and loan it at interest to the Federal Government.

What can we do to fix this?  In the longterm, we have to return to a commodity-backed monetary system so we can physically pay away the National Debt.  In the short term, we have to completely audit the Federal Reserve, shut it down, abolish the individual income tax by repealing the Sixteenth Amendment and let the people—rich or poor—keep their wages that they make.  Enough of this “tax anyone making more money than me” nonsense.  If I take a piano lesson once every few months from a teacher that charges $100 an hour, why does the Federal Government get to take a percentage of the teacher’s earnings?  This was an even exchange – an hour’s pay for an hour’s work.  As a matter of fact, the
Supreme Court stated, “…Income tax statutes apply only to state created creatures known as Corporations no matter whether state, local or federal,” in the case Colonial Pipeline v Traigle.

Putting it even more clearly, in the case Stapler v US, the court ruled:

“There is a clear distinction between ‘profit’ and ‘wages’ or compensation for labor. Compensation for labor cannot be regarded as profit within the meaning of the law…The word “profit is a different thing altogether from mere compensation for labor.” “Income within the meaning of the Sixteenth Amendment and Revenue Act, means ‘gains’..and in such connection ‘gain’ means profit…proceeding from property, severed from capital, however invested or employed and coming in, received or drawn by the taxpayer, for his separate use, benefit and disposal. Income is not a wage or compensation for any type of labor.”

Not to mention that any information you divulge on your tax returns, whether they are 1040s or 1099s,  can be used to prosecute you!  What happened to our 5th Amendment Rights against self-incrimination?  What about all of these US Supreme Court rulings deeming that the income tax does not target individuals for their wages, which, by they way, have never been overturned?  Well, To quote Sheldon Cohen, the former IRS Commissioner and author of the IRS Tax Code, the US Supreme Court rulings are “inapplicable” to this situation.  He is on video saying that.

No, sir, the US Supreme Court is not inapplicable to the IRS, the IRS just owns our government and so the government plays along and arrests American citizens for not filling a tax return.  And if you just so happen to piss off the government, then they’ll just send the IRS after you!  The IRS is without a doubt the biggest political weapon that our own government has against us, and as long as we have an income tax and an IRS, none of the American people who choose to speak out against the policies of the government are safe.

For the Federal Government to force you to track your income, your gifts, your tips, your wages, your exchange for an item sold so it can take a percentage of of your even exchange—is this freedom?  What is less free than selling something or doing something for someone and charging them for it, and then being forced to give a percentage to the Government just for it to go to pay off the interest on a debt owed to an unconstitutional private central bank?  This country became the wealthiest nation by 1905 with only a fraction of the population and resources in the world without an income tax—we can do it again.

We are now at the point where a little girl with a Lemonade Stand now has to go to the State Department and file for a Permit!  Is this freedom?

But again, all we hear is “tax anyone making more than me,” nonsense especially with Obama and his definition of $250,000 a year as “wealthy.”  Now, I don’t make nearly $250,000 a year, and let me tell you, $250 thousand is not “rich.”  Remember that the Federal Income Tax will be about 40 percent of this salary for these earners.  Add between 7 and 15% depending on whether you are self employed or not for Medicare, Medicaid and Social Security, add in State and Local taxes, car taxes, luxury taxes, then property taxes, and you’re looking at anywhere between 50 and 60 percent of your wages in taxes alone, before you account for the Cost of Living, schooling, eating healthy (which always costs more money).  This is not “rich” compared to the top CEOs at firms and the top Politicians who are taking campaign contributions from said CEOs in exchange for favorable legislation—and they know all of the loopholes on taxes that they rarely ever pay them in the first place—let’s not forget our own Treasury Secretary, Tim Geithner, who owed $25,970 in back taxes, but no prison sentence for him.  Just a promotion.

We the People (i.e. Anyone in the Private Sector) get financially raped every April 15th, and every day as the purchasing power of the dollar decreases, and as the US National Debt increases on average by 4 BILLION dollars a day.  Ending the Private Central Bank, doing away with the Income Tax, the IRS, and returning to a Commodity Backed Money will help us all, but that’s not enough.  We also need to end the practice of Fractional Reserve Banking, a system where the banks only have to hold onto a small percentage of their money so they can loan the rest out at interest, because that helps perpetuate this debt spiral that we currently are facing, and always leads to banks filing for bankruptcy.

For those that say “without an income tax, the government won’t have money” is simply wrong, considering that we didn’t have an Income Tax for the first hundred plus years of our country, and still became the wealthiest nation in the world.  But remember: the best way to generate tax revenue is to have a wealthy society, so they spend money and generate tax revenue on taxable items while growing the economy at the same time.  Better economy means more employees, which means more people being taxed, which increases the tax revenue to the government.

Then, let the Private Sector do what it does best—create jobs and wealth.  It’s the Private Sector that creates jobs and wealth, not the Federal government.  When the Federal Government “creates” jobs, they’re really taking tax dollars from one group (the private sector), creating a new “agency” and giving those people the money—it’s nothing more than a transfer of wealth from Citizens to Bureaucrats.  As I stated earlier, America became the RICHEST COUNTRY without an income tax, and we can do it again.

Remember that it was John F. Kennedy that said, ““It is no contradiction – the most important single thing we can do to stimulate investment in today’s economy is to raise consumption by major reduction of individual income tax rates.”

The typical Statist will say, “That’s nonsense—you generate revenue by raising taxes, not lowering them.”  They are simply missing the point, as JFK said further, “A tax cut means higher family income and higher business profits and a balanced federal budget. Every taxpayer and his family will have more money left over after taxes for a new car, a new home, new conveniences, education and investment. Every businessman can keep a higher percentage of his profits in his cash register or put it to work expanding or improving his business, and as the national income grows, the federal government will ultimately end up with more revenues.” And this has been proven to work time and time again.

The scary part is that these problems are not the only problem facing America today.  The truth is that America as a country has become exactly what Soviet Russia became under the leadership of Vladamir Lenin and Josef Stalin – a centralized bureaucratic State (with a Captial S).  There is literally almost nothing that we do in our own lives that is not controlled or regulated by the Federal Government.

I want to repeat that—EVERYTHING in our so-called “private” lives are under bureaucratic and regulatory control of the Federal Government.  The EPA, the FDA, the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Education, the Department of Energy, the FCC, the Department of Labor, the Department of Housing and Urban Development—none of which are listed in the United States Constitution, and for a very good reason.  Centralized Power means LESS power for the People and the Individual Sovereign States which they make up because the people working for Federal Agencies are unelected and therefore, held unaccountable. We can not vote them out according to how well they perform their job because they are part of a Federal Agency and they apply for a job and are appointed by those within the Federal Government.

We can not eat food, we can not go to school, we can not buy anything, we can’t build houses or sheds, hell, we can’t even grow food on our own farm without first complying with rules and “regulations” issued by agencies within the Federal Government.  We can’t buy houses unless they comply with Federal laws, we can not heat our homes without complying with the Feds, we can not educate our children without complying with Federal curricula—we are nothing more than a modern day Soviet Russia.

Our Founding Fathers set up this government to make sure that this did not happen. Take, for example, James Madison’s Federalist 45:

    “The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government, are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation, and foreign commerce; with which last the power of taxation will, for the most part, be connected. The powers reserved to the several States will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties, and properties of the people, and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the State.”

Unfortunately, there are literally dozens of unconstitutional agencies that the US taxpayers pay for which do nothing but take our money and make bad decisions that affect us all in a negative way.  Take for example the Department of Education.  Other than not being in the Constitution, which means that Education is completely a State’s rights issue, there is simply no acceptable reasoning for having a Federalized agency designing the school and education curriculum for the entire country.  When things like education are localized then the parents have more of a say in their children’s education and can hold those coming up with the curriculum accountable for their actions by electing them or voting them out.  But in a Federal position where no one is elected, this is impossible. They can come up with stupid “No Child Left Behind” laws, and literally rewrite history for the entire country if they want to (and they are).  The Department of Education belongs to the States, as stated in the 10th Amendment.

Take, too, for example the EPA.  Not only does it employ 17 thousand people, costing the American Tax Payers over $800 million dollars a year (that is under the impression that everyone employed makes $50 thousand a year)—not only is it NOT an agency or power given to the Federal Government in the US Constitution, but it is in practice, a completely unnecessary organization to be  Federalized.  There is no need for a branch of the Federal Government to dictate to Individual States with different ecological make-ups, different climates, different environments all together how they should manage their respective businesses in relation to their respective environments!  It is completely unconstitutional and unnecessary!  The Individual States have the right to have their own EPA, and have the right to make their own policies and hold their own State Workers accountable for how they create environmental policy in their States and local communities.  But again when an unelected Centralized Bureaucracy controls the Environmental Policy of the entire Country, they are not held accountable for their actions.  Case in point: the EPA declaring that harmless Co2 (which we exhale) is a “dangerous chemical” that must be regulated and taxed, which is nothing more than a way around Congress to tax us.  Only an unaccountable agency like the EPA could get away with this.

The Department of Agriculture is another unnecessary branch of the Federal Government that belongs to the States.  Each State has its own climate, environment, crop cycle, and harvest.  There is no need for a Federal agency to dictate policy to farmers across the country.  This power should be reserved for the State, and according to the Constitution, it is.  It is the Agriculture Department in the 1930s that charged a penalty on farmer Roscoe Filburn for “growing too much wheat”, even though it was for his own consumption. The Department argued that too much wheat would cause interstate commerce to go out of whack, even though, again, it was for his own family and animals’ consumption—and the US Supreme Court upheld the penalty.  Ladies and gentlemen, I ask you, is this freedom?

The typical Statist will say that it is State’s Rights, for which I am advocating, that gave us slavery!  They completely disregard the fact that the US Supreme Court ruled the Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional in 1883.  They completely forget that the Feds upheld segregation in the case Plessy v. Ferguson.  They pretend that the whole “3/5ths” of a person thing was in each State Constitution, not the actual FEDERAL Constitution (which of course, it was).

The previously mentioned Federal Agencies are just a handful of useless Federal Agencies that cost the taxpayers millions and millions of dollars every year!  And for what?  For a national debt that never seems to stop growing that accumulates 1 TRILLION DOLLARS A YEAR in interest costs alone?  For higher and higher taxes and regulations on the American people so we can pay the salaries of unelected little dictators that regulate every single aspect of our so-called “private” lives?

There are some who would say that our debt woes aren’t because of fiat money, high taxes or these unnecessary and unconstitutional Federal Agencies sucking the system dry, but because the market is “too free.”  “Free Market Capitalism”, they say, “is to blame.”  Friends, our so-called “free” market is burdened with over 73,000 economic regulations. How can you possibly say that we have a free market with a straight face?

The scary fact that we all have to face, is that America is not a Capitalist society.  We have not been so since we gave our power to create money to a Private Central Bank almost one hundred years ago.  We live in a society that is completely dominated by large corporate interests who set up monopolies and duopolies, then accumulate vast amounts of money, and then pay off politicians through large campaign contributions and lobbyists to have favorable legislation passed to perpetuate their monopolies.  John D. Rockefeller was one of the first with his control of Standard Oil.  He was able to turn Standard Oil into a monopoly with the money from the National City Bank of Cleveland, one of the three Rothschild banks in the United States.  The Rothschilds, for those that don’t know, has been the dominant European banking family since the Napoleonic Wars, and had tremendous influence in the creation of the Federal Reserve System, meaning our Private Central Bank is partly owned by off-shore corporation and banks, another reason to audit and end The Federal Reserve.

In 1911, the US Supreme Court ordered that Standard Oil be broken into smaller companies because it was “menace to the Republic.”  Unfortunately, John D. still secretly controlled each company by owning the majority of stock in all of the companies.  Thus Standard Oil would be known as Standard Oil New Jersey (Exxon), Standard Oil New York (Mobil), Standard Oil Indiana (Amoco), Standard Oil California (Chevron), Atlantic Refining (Arco) etc.  This is just one example of a monopoly that has been strangling America since the 1900s.

It was Thomas Jefferson that said, “If the American people ever allow private banks to control the issuance of their currency, first by inflation and then by deflation, the banks and corporations that will grow up around them will deprive the people of all their property until their children will wake up homeless on the continent their fathers conquered.”

This is what we are seeing today.  We are seeing exactly what Jefferson warned against.  Not Free-Market Capitalism, but a form of tyranny.  We are seeing the merging of Corporate Interest and Political Power, which is, by definition, Fascism.

That’s right, America today is a Fascist country.  Benito Mussolini, in his Doctrine of Fascism, wrote:

“We have constituted a Corporative and Fascist state, the state of national society, a State which concentrates, controls, harmonizes and tempers the interests of all social classes, which are thereby protected in equal measure. Whereas, during the years of demo-liberal regime, labour looked with diffidence upon the state, was, in fact, outside the State and against the state, and considered the state an enemy of every day and every hour, there is not one working Italian today who does not seek a place in his Corporation or federation, who does not wish to be a living atom of that great, immense, living organization which is the national Corporate State of Fascism.”

And to put it more bluntly, Mussolini said, “Fascism should more appropriately be called Corporatism because it is a merger of State and corporate power.”

This is what our Founders warned against, and sadly, this is what we have become.  Every large corporation, every large bank, has bought our Federal Government.  Goldman Sachs, Bank of America, JP Morgan Chase, British Petroleum, Standard Oil, The Federal Reserve, Microsoft, Walmart—We are nothing but monopolies and worse, duopolies—the latter presents the people with the illusion of choice, but there really is no choice at all.  Little by little, small banks and family-owned small businesses are going under while we bailout the “Too Big To Fail” AIG, Bank of America and the rest; BP destroys the Gulf and uses a poisonous dispersant that even their own home of England has banned because of its toxicity levels (about which the EPA has complained, but done nothing about, further proving my point of their uselessness); oil companies hit record profits and don’t do a damn thing to bring down the price of gasoline; Microsoft owner Bill Gates’s own “Bill and Malinda Gates Foundation” partners with the Government to research new “nano-tech vaccines” that can penetrate the skin when We the Plebeians walk through the doors of a Government Building or at Airport Security;  Google, the “friendly” internet search engine is caught censoring material that the CIA and the Government does not want us to see, and it is leaked that they work with and funded by the Federal Government;  the Federal Reserve hits record profits, and the Middle Class sinks lower and lower into oblivion.

The reason these businesses are “too big to fail” is because they have created monopolies and duopolies, and therefore have enough money to buy our government!  They are too big to fail in terms of Government Power.  Think about all of the duopolies we see in our society: Macintosh vs. Apple; Home Depot. vs. Lowe’s; Walmart vs. Target; Citizens Bank vs. Bank of America; Burger King vs. McDonald’s (oh I’m sorry…Wendy’s means we have choice!) Republicans vs. Democrats.  Conservative vs. Liberal.  The dirty little secret is that we don’t have a choice, we just have an illusion of choice.

Now, in the words of our president, I want to be perfectly clear: I don’t have a problem with companies doing exceedingly well, but in a Free Market Capitalist Society, the government has only a few roles, and one of them is to prevent against monopolies.  However, it is evident that these large corporations are just like John D. Rockefeller in the early 1900s, and the kind that Thomas Jefferson warned us against, as they lobby their way to get legislation passed in their favor—as they buy our government.

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The problem is that those that control the nations have taken control of our language.  They blame Free Markets and Capitalism for a problem that is anything but Capitalism.  I’m sorry, but a fiat money involved with fractional reserve banking with over 73,000 regulations is not a free market, and DEBT is NOT CAPITAL.  Our money is backed by DEBT, NOT CAPITAL.

These people have changed the definition of the word “Regulate” from the original meaning under the US Constitution.  Publius, the pen-named author of the Federalist Papers warned us against over regulation in Federalist 62 stating:
  In another point of view, great injury results from an unstable government. The want of confidence in the public councils damps every useful undertaking, the success and profit of which may depend on a continuance of existing arrangements. What prudent merchant will hazard his fortunes in any new branch of commerce when he knows not but that his plans may be rendered unlawful before they can be executed? What farmer or manufacturer will lay himself out for the encouragement given to any particular cultivation or establishment, when he can have no assurance that his preparatory labors and advances will not render him a victim to an inconstant government? In a word, no great improvement or laudable enterprise can go forward which requires the auspices of a steady system of national policy.”

The author (James Madison in this case) warns us of an over-regulated system where rules change and new “regulations” are written every day because entrepreneurs will be less likely to invest and grow the economy.  Regulation with the Founders meant to keep things normal, regular, and consistent.

But our Current Federal Government likes to pretend that the term REGULATE allows them to FORCE Americans to buy Health Insurance.  They have literally transformed “Regulate” from its original term of keeping commerce normal and regular to forcing people to participate in commerce by forcing them to purchase insurance, or in the  previously mentioned case of Roscoe Filburn, control how much farmers can grow for themselves!

These people also control the political spectrum and the words we use to define the political spectrum.  They use words like “Left and Right” and assign “Liberal and Conservative” to these words, respectively, when this is not how the political spectrum works at all.

The word ‘liberal’ used to mean ‘libertarian’—pure freedom.  Freedom from tyranny; economic freedom, personal freedom—But today it has been hijacked by Communist Dictators who use it to advance a tyrannical agenda on the personal and economic lives of the people and to spread that tyranny across the world.  The word “Conservative” means to preserve the ideas of our Founding Fathers on small Federal Government, entangling alliances with no foreign countries, and protecting our civil liberties and our economic freedoms.  Today, it has been hijacked by Neo-Cons, who are nothing more than Communist Dictators that want to advance their tyrannical agenda on the personal and economic lives of the people, and to spread that tyranny across the world.

The true Political Spectrum is Anarchy on the Left, and Tyranny on the Right.  How much government intrusion is the TRUE way to measure the political spectrum, and they know this.  That is why the Founders placed us as close to Anarchy as possible without falling into chaos.  Let’s not forget that the original government was under the Articles of Confederation that had too weak a Federal Government, which failed.  They knew they needed a Central Government, and they knew that they needed to have LIMITED powers—they knew that the natural tendency is to move towards tyranny.  Instead, The Powers That Be feed into the false “Left/Right” paradigm with “Liberal and Conservative”, and give us “Hannity and Colmes” to show the opposite sides of the spectrum when history teaches us that these two terms are nothing more than opposite sides of the same coin of Tyranny.

When Woodrow Wilson arrested thousands of people for speaking out against World War I, was that “liberal” or “conservative”?  When Abraham Lincoln arrested journalists for speaking out against War with the South, was that “liberal” or “conservative”?  How about when he killed over a thousand citizens in New York for protesting being conscripted into the army to fight a war they didn’t believe in?  Was that “liberal” or “conservative”?  How about when Bill Clinton spied on Americans’ phone calls and emails without warrants under the NSA’s Project Echelon?  Was that “liberal” or “conservative”?  And when George W. Bush passed the PATRIOT ACT (which no one was allowed to read, by the way), which continued these spying procedures, was that “liberal” or “conservative”?  The same Patriot Act that defined Domestic Terrorist in Section 802 as one who “appears to intend to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion” and did away with the Fourth and Fifth Amendment?  The very same Patriot Act that Obama spoke against and reauthorized verbatim with no media coverage? Was that “liberal” or “conservative”?

How about the non-declared wars that we’ve brought ourselves into since World War II?  Korea, Viet Nam, Iraq, Kosovo, Iraq again, Afghanistan, Pakistan— Someone please tell me which ones of these undeclared, unconstitutional, and therefore ILLEGAL wars were “conservative” and which ones were “liberal.”

We have to come together and realize that we live in tyranny.  When the Federal Government takes your money that your earned as wages so it can pay of the debt to an Unconstitutional Private Central Bank that actually perpetuates our National Debt—that is tyranny. When the Federal Government creates Centralized Agencies that usurp the powers granted to the States through the Constitution’s 10th Amendment—that is tyranny. When the Federal Government and private corporations partner together to create monopolies for their friends while they let the little banks and the little businesses go under—that is tyranny.  When our own government spies on us secretly, then passes legislation to make spying on us legal under a new president to “combat terrorism”, even though it was being done before the terrorism the legislation is being passed as a reaction to-–THAT IS TYRANNY.  We are living in Tyranny, Ladies and Gentlemen.  We need to wake up to it.

And when the Federal Government has its troops in over 130 countries with over 900 bases built within them, we are spreading our tyranny over-seas.  When we can not even protect our own Southern Borders from a foreign invasion, but we stick our noses in countries that we probably can’t even pronounce, we are living in tyranny, and we are spreading it to the rest of the world like a virus.

I do want to end on a positive note, however.  People are waking up.  People are getting angry, and as Howard Beale from the movie Network said, people are “mad as hell and they’re not going to take it anymore.”  Fine.  What can we do?

Anyone reading this who agrees with what I have to say: Run for office.  Run for office.  Run for office.  If you run for a Federal position, your goal must to be weaken the iron-clad grip that the Federal Government has on the People and the States by eliminating Unconstitutional agencies including but not limited to, the Privately Owned Federal Reserve and restore the authority to coin money and regulate the value thereof to the CONGRESS and make sure that we only COIN money and do not issue fake pieces of paper backed by debt.  We need to return the power that the Federal Government has usurped to the Sovereign States, and we can only do this by being elected to Washington DC. We need to end our foreign wars and close our bases, and secure our own border.  We need to stop meddling in other nation’s affairs.  We need to return to the idea that George Washington gave us all those years ago: Peaceful commerce and trade with all, entangling alliances with none. We are not heeding this advice, and it costs us money and it costs us lives, and it’s time to put a stop to it.

We also need to repeal laws like the Health Care Bill that requires the people to purchase insurance, the Patriot Act, the John Warner Defense Act, the Military Commissions Act—all if it.  Anything that violates a strict interpretation of the US Constitution must be repealed and eliminated.

For those that run in the local and State offices: do the same things only on a local level.  And if the Federal Government interferes, WE MUST FILELAWSUITS.  We must sue. 
Foreclosure: The constitutional reality is that you do not have to leave your home without a fight. Here is the legal precedent: "Only God can create something of value out of nothing." (Compiled by Tom Dennen)
"Plaintiff’s act of creating credit is not authorized by the Constitution and Laws of the United States, is unconstitutional and void, and is not a lawful consideration in the eyes of the Law to support any thing or upon which any lawful right can be built."

Only God can create something of value out of nothing." -
Justice Martin V. Mahoney
1.That the Plaintiff is not entitled  to recover the possession of Lot 19, Fairview Beach, Scott County, Minnesota according to the Plat thereof on file in the Register of Deeds office.

"JEROME DALY had his own information to reveal about this case, which establishes that between his own revealed information and the fact that Justice Martin V. Mahoney was murdered 6 months after he entered the Credit River Decision on the books of the Court, why the case was never legally overturned, nor can it be."


First National Bank of Montgomery vs. Jerome Daly
February 4, 2005 | Banking, Federal Reserve, Judicial

RE: First National Bank of Montgomery vs. Jerome Daly

First National Bank of Montgomery,
Jerome Daly,


The above entitled action came on before the Court and a Jury of 12 on December 7, 1968 at 10:00 am. Plaintiff appeared by its President Lawrence V. Morgan and was represented by its Counsel, R. Mellby. Defendant appeared on his own behalf.

A Jury of Talesmen were called, impaneled and sworn to try the issues in the Case. Lawrence V. Morgan was the only witness called for Plaintiff and Defendant testified as the only witness in his own behalf.

Plaintiff brought this as a Common Law action for the recovery of the possession of Lot 19 Fairview Beach, Scott County, Minn. Plaintiff claimed title to the Real Property in question by foreclosure of a Note and Mortgage Deed dated May 8, 1964 which Plaintiff claimed was in default at the time foreclosure proceedings were started.

Defendant appeared and answered that the Plaintiff created the money and credit upon its own books by bookkeeping entry as the consideration for the Note and Mortgage of May 8, 1964 and alleged failure of the consideration for the Mortgage Deed and alleged that the Sheriff’s sale passed no title to plaintiff.

The issues tried to the Jury were whether there was a lawful consideration and whether Defendant had waived his rights to complain about the consideration having paid on the Note for almost 3 years.

Mr. Morgan admitted that all of the money or credit which was used as a consideration was created upon their books, that this was standard banking practice exercised by their bank in combination with the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, another private Bank, further that he knew of no United States Statute or Law that gave the Plaintiff the authority to do this. Plaintiff further claimed that Defendant by using the ledger book created credit and by paying on the Note and Mortgage waived any right to complain about the Consideration and that the Defendant was estopped from doing so.

At 12:15 on December 7, 1968 the Jury returned a unanimous verdict for the Defendant.

Now therefore, by virtue of the authority vested in me pursuant to the Declaration of Independence, the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, the Constitution of United States and the Constitution and the laws of the State of Minnesota not inconsistent therewith ;
1.That the Plaintiff is not entitled to recover the possession of Lot 19, Fairview Beach, Scott County, Minnesota according to the Plat thereof on file in the Register of Deeds office.
2.That because of failure of a lawful consideration the Note and Mortgage dated May 8, 1964 are null and void.
3.That the Sheriff’s sale of the above described premises held on June 26, 1967 is null and void, of no effect.
4.That the Plaintiff has no right title or interest in said premises or lien thereon as is above described.
5.That any provision in the Minnesota Constitution and any Minnesota Statute binding the jurisdiction of this Court is repugnant to the Constitution of the United States and to the Bill of Rights of the Minnesota Constitution and is null and void and that this Court has jurisdiction to render complete Justice in this Cause.
The following memorandum and any supplementary memorandum made and filed by this Court in support of this Judgment is hereby made a part hereof by reference.


Dated December 9, 1968
Credit River Township
Scott County, Minnesota


The issues in this case were simple. There was no material dispute of the facts for the Jury to resolve.

Plaintiff admitted that it, in combination with the federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, which are for all practical purposes, because of their interlocking activity and practices, and both being Banking Institutions Incorporated under the Laws of the United States, are in the Law to be treated as one and the same Bank, did create the entire $14,000.00 in money or credit upon its own books by bookkeeping entry. That this was the Consideration used to support the Note dated May 8, 1964 and the Mortgage of the same date. The money and credit first came into existence when they created it. Mr. Morgan admitted that no United States Law Statute existed which gave him the right to do this. A lawful consideration must exist and be tendered to support the Note. SeeAnsheuser-Busch Brewing Company v. Emma Mason, 44 Minn. 318, 46 N.W. 558. The Jury found that there was no consideration and I agree. Only God can create something of value out of nothing.

Even if Defendant could be charged with waiver or estoppel as a matter of Law this is no defense to the Plaintiff. The Law leaves wrongdoers where it finds them. See sections 50, 51 and 52 of Am Jur 2nd “Actions” on page 584 – “no action will lie to recover on a claim based upon, or in any manner depending upon, a fraudulent, illegal, or immoral transaction or contract to which Plaintiff was a party.”

Plaintiff’s act of creating credit is not authorized by the Constitution and Laws of the United States, is unconstitutional and void, and is not a lawful consideration in the eyes of the Law to support any thing or upon which any lawful right can be built.

Nothing in the Constitution of the United States limits the jurisdiction of this Court, which is one of original Jurisdiction with right of trial by Jury guaranteed. This is a Common Law action. Minnesota cannot limit or impair the power of this Court to render Complete Justice between the parties. Any provisions in the Constitution and laws of Minnesota which attempt to do so is repugnant to the Constitution of the United States and void. No question as to the Jurisdiction of this Court was raised by either party at the trial. Both parties were given complete liberty to submit any and all facts to the Jury, at least in so far as they saw fit.

No complaint was made by Plaintiff that Plaintiff did not receive a fair trial. From the admissions made by Mr. Morgan the path of duty was direct and clear for the Jury. Their Verdict could not reasonably been otherwise. Justice was rendered completely and without denial, promptly and without delay, freely and without purchase, conformable to the laws in this Court of December 7, 1968.


December 9, 1968
Justice Martin V. Mahoney
Credit River Township
Scott County, Minnesota.

Note: It has never been doubted that a Note given on a Consideration which is prohibited by law is void. It has been determined, independent of Acts of Congress, that sailing under the license of an enemy is illegal. The emission of Bills of Credit upon the books of these private Corporations for the purpose of private gain is not warranted by the Constitution of the United States and is unlawful. See Craig v. Mo. 4 Peters Reports 912. This Court can tread only that path which is marked out by duty. M.V.M.

JEROME DALY had his own information to reveal about this case, which establishes that between his own revealed information and the fact that Justice Martin V. Mahoney was murdered 6 months after he entered the Credit River Decision on the books of the Court, why the case was never legally overturned, nor can it be.

Documents From The Courts Files 1st National Bank Of Montgomery vs. Jerome Daly, Scott County MN.
Argentina's Economic Collapse
Thomas  Jefferson said in 1802:
"I believe that banking institutions are more dangerous to our liberties than standing armies. If the American people ever allow private banks to control the issue of their currency, first by inflation, then by deflation, the banks and corporations that will grow up around the banks will deprive the people of all property - until their children wake-up homeless on the continent their fathers conquered."

Together with Transparency International (, a group of banks which has agreed on a private sector initiative to promote the international fight against the financing of terrorism. The members of the Wolfsberg Group are ABN Amro; Banco Santander Central Hispano; Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi; Barclays Bank; Citigroup; Credit Suisse Group; Deutsche Bank; Goldman Sachs; HSBC; JP Morgan Chase; Société Générale; and UBS.

For further information, see the Wolfsberg Group website .
Silver Shines as an Economic Solution

Cassandra Anderson
September 30, 2020

Idaho State Representative Phil Hart authored the Idaho State Silver Gem Act earlier this year which allows for the Idaho State Treasurer to issue silver medallions and make them available to the public; people may use them for any purpose they want and will have the option of paying their State taxes with the silver.  The benefits of the Silver Gem Act are:
    • Silver can be used as an alternative currency, outside of the banking system
    • Jobs will be created in the metal refining industry in Idaho
    • Silver- and gold- are a protection against inflation for both the public and Idaho State

The Idaho Silver Gem Act serves as a model that other states and local governments can use.  If the bill passes, people can use silver with confidence because the government of Idaho will accept it, too.   The Idaho Silver gem Act will also help to prevent possible federal precious metal confiscation
Ultimate Bailout: The $100 Trillion Cram Down

If you've never heard of a "Cram Down", you are about to get a first hand lesson on the receiving end of the biggest one in history. The words "Cram Down" used to be reserved for companies in bankruptcy or smaller venture backed companies that run out of cash and are recapitalized by "cramming down" the equity held by existing shareholders.   The only other alternative to closing the doors is to reorganize the ownership structure to attract new capital and keep it in business.   Those who don't have the money to play in the next round -- i.e. don't have a money printing press --  will get wiped out .  Having personally experienced a number of these unpleasant affairs in various businesses, you are definitely better off giving than receiving a Cram Down.  Today, there is a Cram Down happening throughout the economy as public and private debt is restructured, the economy is recapitalized, and new money is issued in vast quantities.

Let's say you bought 100 shares of XYZ Company and paid $10 per share.  The company runs into trouble and is either going to raise new money or shut down.  After a recapitalization or Cram Down, those shares might be worth $.01 per share -- the value of the old shares are set by the new money -- and your investment of $1000 ($10 x 100 shares) would now be worth $1.   The new money gets to buy shares for 1/1000th the price you paid for yours, so they invest $1000 of their own money and if you don't, you will own 1/1000th of the percentage in the company that you used to own.  These situations are always governed by the Golden Rule, those with the gold make the rules -- the party putting in the new money names the terms. 
People with a lot of this get to boss around those who don't have a lot of this.

You might be able to buy some of the new shares at the new price, but the new money investors usually try to scoop up control of the entity, to enrich themselves even further and prevent future meddling by uppity shareholders, whose old shares are usually converted to "Common" shares -- for this reason, people who get crammed down usually aren't a happy bunch.   Common shares are called common for a reason; they don't carry the protections and rights of the preferred shares and common shares fall at the end of the pecking order when a payout happens.  Common shareholders are usually lucky to collect a penny when there are lots of preferred shares ahead of them.   You're always better to be in the preferred nobility than a commoner in a Cram Down.
In bankruptcy, whomever ponies up the "new money" or is favored by the judge receives the lion's share of the equity in the restructured company and everyone else is virtually wiped out or "crammed down".   In a bankruptcy, the judge has wide latitude to "cram down" various classes of debt and equity and involuntarily impose this over the objections of various classes.     A recent example is the General Motors bankruptcy, where the bondholders were crammed down for the benefit of the unions, which went against 200 years of established bankruptcy law (normally the company's lenders get the majority of the equity, unions get a much more modest share for concessions).   The golden rule applied here, too.  The U.S. government put up the gold and ruled that the United Auto Workers should get the equity, not the widow and orphan GM bondholders.  The bondholders investment of $27 billion of their cash wasn't worth as much in that Cram Down as the future votes of the United Auto Workers, who put in no cash and offered  a modest discount to their company busting union contract.
GM filed for bankruptcy protection June 1, 2009.  Bondholders got 10% for their $27 billion, the U.S. government got 50% for their $50 billion invested and the United Auto Workers union got 40% for political connections.  Many elderly retirees lost a large part of their retirement savings in this Cram Down.
Governments, companies and individuals around the world all have a mountain of debt they will never be able to repay; they are INSOLVENT.   In the old days -- debt would be extinguished by repayment in gold or the loan would default and the lender would take over the collateral.  What's special about gold?  For 5,000 years, gold has been considered money without counter-party -- it's just you and a lump of gold -- you are not reliant on the good credit of another party.   It's where the buck stopped, literally.
Today, in the era of unlimited money printing, there is no gold repayment. We replaced gold repayment with money printing by the privately owned central banks. When a central bank issues money in excess, existing holders of that currency are "crammed down" by the new money coming into the system. Since 1913 when the Federal Reserve was created, over 95% of the value of a dollar has been crammed out of the pockets of savers and into the hands of bankers, politicians and the recipients of the new money.  This slow motion Cram Down is called Inflation and it is the mortal enemy of the saver.  As you are about to see, the motion is about to get a lot faster because there is a new, efficient tool being used to strip value away from savers known as the Bailout.
A number of commentators have estimated we are already into the bailouts to the tune of at least $14 trillion. This is in addition to last week's report in the UK Telegraph (covered in my column HERE) that a well connected banker estimated the next round of "Quantitative Easing" (or QE2 as they now call this round of bailouts) could reach $30 trillion, or about 50% of the world's GDP. Given that this money is, like all fiat currency, issued in the form of debt, how would that extra $30 trillion ever be paid back? When money is issued as debt, there is no end to the need for money to pay  the interest on the existing debt (e.g.: if $100 is issued at 5% interest, another $5 of money must be created just to pay the interest, but there is interest on the interest, ad infinitum).   As we explored last week, we're now beyond the point of ever paying back the CURRENT debt with anything resembling the value it had upon issuance.
When debtors go deadbeat, they can't even pay the interest, let alone the principal and the U.S. Government might be approaching that point soon, according to B4IN contributor Karl Denninger:
    Here's the math.
    This fiscal year (2010) we have approximately $13 trillion outstanding in debt (including "intergovernmental borrowing", that is, Social Security and Medicare.)
    Our total debt service is projected (it's not quite over!) to be 4.63% of the budget, or about $165 billion.  That's approximately 7% of revenues, incidentally.
    That's an effective interest rate of about 1.27%.
    Yes, 1.27%.
    Now what happens if we take no more debt at all but rates normalize to 5%?
    That would be $672 billion, or about $500 billion more than it is today.  Incidentally, that's fifty-two percent of all (personal and corporate) income taxes, up from today's thirteen percent.
    Of course the CBO says we will run about $1 trillion in deficits for the next ten years.  Let's presume it's five years, and we'll give it the $1 trillion, although I think that's low - maybe by 25% or more.
    So let's add $5 trillion to the total, for $18.5 trillion, and apply a 5% rate to it.
    That comes to $925 billion, or dangerously close to all personal income taxes, which are $1.061 trillion.
    Got it folks?  All personal income taxes, or if you prefer all FICA and Medicare taxes, will go only to pay interest.
    We won't get there.  Before that day comes the world, which buys our debt as a "safe haven", will discern this math and cut us off.  It is a certainty.  Look at what happened with Greece, where literally within days short-term interest rates went to 10% - a rate that, were it to happen here, would cause The United States to blow up monetarily and politically right here and now.
Once you can't pay the interest on a debt, much less any principal, it's game over.  The markets will eventually force the hands of the politicians and raise the interest rates, it's only a matter of time.  But the Federal Reserve will use the money printing press for all it's worth, something Greece didn't have at its disposal because they had switched to the Euro, a currency they couldn't print themselves. That will only delay the outcome, which is not in doubt - the issuance of new money is a nearly perfect analog for the issuance of new shares by a distressed company.
Last week, I did a thought experiment to see If the government and Federal Reserve could protect savers  and other hard working citizens by issuing money to pay for a wind down of the welfare state (FDIC saver guarantees, Medicare, Social Security, etc) -- it would be a bailout of about $30 trillion, but that would be the end of it -- debt would be wiped out because all the new money would be issued directly from the government with zero interest payable.   The unsustainable welfare state would be dismantled in an orderly fashion.  As we discussed, the chances of that happening right now are zero, because the elimination of the welfare state is not in the best interests of the politicians, bankers or the rapidly growing number of those dependent on the system.    It's not a pretty sight for people of any political persuasion to watch human suffering of this scale, but it might offer less suffering than that caused by the complete destruction of the currency. 
Don't underestimate class warfare, either.  Savers are RICH, remember?  With the present administration, it's guaranteed that savers will not get a bailout, but many other politically connected groups will:
States - Meredith Whitney released a new 600 page report detailing this next $ trillion bailout.  States, like everyone else need to remember that there is a price to everything and no free rides, but they really, really, really need the money.
Pensions  - States alone could have a $3 trillion shortfall.  Union and corporate pensions have hundreds of billions more they are trying to stick with the taxpayer via the Pension Benefit Guarantee Corp.
FDIC - According to, the FDIC insures deposits at 7,932 banks with total assets of $13.2 trillion but now the FDIC has a negative reserve ratio, meaning they will also need a bailout in the future, as more banks continue to fail.  There are over 800 banks on the "problem bank list"
Financial Regulatory Reform Bill - Creates permanent bailouts of even more banks - bondholders and banks could need $10-14 trillion.
Nuclear power - Now "dead" with the climate bill in the U.S. congress, you can expect this group to arrive on Capitol Hill with their hands out in the future.  Everyone wants to get in on the bailout action.  All the Green energy people will be right behind them.
Foreign banks - The IMF and large foreign banks will no doubt be the beneficiaries of largesse.  They received  billions from the AIG bailout.
Federal Budget Deficits - $2 trillion per year and counting.
Social Security and Medicare - With $107 trillion in unfunded future liabilities, Social Security now takes in less in taxes than it spends.
The biggies....the dark pool of unregulated derivatives...
Naked Credit Default Swaps - credit default swaps are insurance on bonds against the possibility of default.  If AIG could get a bailout, this $36 trillion market (at the end of 2009) would make the AIG bailout look like pocket change.
At some point, there will be a failure and these will be Too Big to Bailout (TBTB).  Could the U.S. "print" the $100 trillion to bail this out?   Sure, it's just another few zeros in a computer, but at that point virtual money has no value.  Even paper money will have more value than electronic foo-foo dollars.
Another scenario that could bring this to a head rapidly is a currency crisis involving the euro or U.S. dollar, a run on the credit default swaps, a major bank failure or some other calamity that involves lots of bad decisions which are about to leave a private company's balance sheet and become the public's problem. Because everything in the financial world is now interconnected via complex hedging, contractual relationships and derivatives, when one bank fails, it could take out another 10, 20, 100 banks and even jeopardize the entire financial system.
There have been a number of near misses, such as Long Term Capital, the crisis of 2008 and so on.   The fiat money solution has always been to PUMP.  When the world ran on a gold standard, those who over-leveraged and couldn't pay back their debts on demand are wiped out in the blink of an eye. That used to be called "a run on the bank", when the depositors (creditors under the law) of a bank demanded repayment of their deposits and the bank didn't have enough money to satisfy these demands.   The bank president's personal possessions would be sold on their front lawn to satisfy the creditors.  Those who were prudent and saved for a rainy day got to pick over the carcasses of the bankrupt for pennies on the dollar.   There is something to be said for this kind of economic justice.
However, the rules of engagement have changed in today's amoral climate.  In today's universe of fiat currency, the central bankers just "print" more money, lend it out to the banks in need and avert the liquidity crisis, at least temporarily.  That was the original purpose of the Federal Reserve and some argue it's worked pretty well up till now (others beg to differ).   Ultimately, this lands at the feet of We The People in the form of a currency crisis.  So much money will need to be issued to maintain the system that the currency diminishes in value very quickly.  Those who saved and played by the rules are the "current shareholders" who will become destitute.  The new money will own the whole joint.  This is in fact a Cram Down.
Because a Cram Down changes the ownership structure of a company, this one will change the ownership of the U.S.  Never underestimate the politicians and bankers taking the easy way out.  Printing money and kicking a bigger can down the road is always easier than facing the reality of your debts.
When everyone figures out what's going on -- readers of B4IN are some of the first to understand -- people will dump U.S. dollars around the world in a matter of days and weeks.   Like any Cram Down, there are winners and losers:
Winners - The Preferred Nobility:
Banks, Government transfer payment recipients, Government vendors and employees, Big Politically Connected Business, Friendly foreign governments,  Unions
Losers - Commoners:
People who pay taxes (the little people), Small Business,  Investors, Savers, People on a fixed income unable to hedge the currency
The executive branch of the U.S. Government, the Treasury Department and the Federal Reserve Bank will be directing the Cram Down action and they will all be trading for their accounts.   It's not hard to imagine what the rest of this Cram Down will look like in the hands of the Obama administration.   If you were a GM bondholder, you already know how this will go.  Like any Cram Down, you won't want to put a penny of your own money in the next round until the entire management team has been fired.  They were the people who put the car in the ditch and you have to take away the keys.  Let's see who gets fired in the next election.
One other bit of advice worth sharing;  an elderly man on the Mexico City subway kindly pointed out a gang of pickpockets entering the car and said:  "Watch Your Pockets!".
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For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high [places].   Ephesians 6:12 KJ VERSION
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In the 72 years of their issue more than 14,000 “home town” banks across the United States, the $17,000,000,000 ($17 billion) worth of National Bank Notes issued between December, 1863, and May, 1935, represent a widely collected series of United States paper money.
Their long and historically, as well as financially, interesting life began with the National Currency Act being signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln on Feb. 25, 1863. The dual aim of the legislation was to provide a ready and steady market for the sale of United States bonds issued to finance Federal involvement in the Civil War, and to create a sound bank currency to replace the generally insecure issues of the state banks then in circulation.
While National Bank Notes were only one of seven different types of U.S. paper money in circulation virtually simultaneously during and after the Civil War, they represent more interesting variations and types than any other. For more than half a century, from the implementation of the National Currency Act in 1863 until the creation of the Federal Reserve System in 1914, the National Bank Notes were an important part of the paper money in circulation.
The composition of these notes and the individual histories behind each of the issuing banks and its officers present unlimited fascination for the modern hobbyist.
The National Currency era came to an end in May, 1935, when the Comptroller of the Currency shipped the last National Bank Notes to the issuing bank. The United States bonds which the banks had purchased to secure the value of their Nationals in circulation were called in for payment, ending nearly three-quarters of a century of an important era of “Main Street Banking.”
Six distinct series make up the National Bank Note issue; four in large size, to in small size. Large size Nationals are comprised of 1) The Original Series, 2) Series of 1875,3) Series of 1882 and 4) Series of 1902. In small size, there are the Series of 1929, Type 1and Type 2. Within each of the large size series, there are several varieties and subtypes.
Alternatively, the Nationals are sometimes grouped according to Charter Period, thus: First Charter, Original Series and Series of 1875; Second Charter, Series of 1882; Third Charter, Series of 1902, and Small Size.
The terms Charter Period and Charter Number are particularly important to National Bank Notes and refer to the issuing authority of each particular bank.
The original National Currency Act of 1863 provided that banks organized under its provisions be chartered as National Banks for a period of 20 years. In anticipation of the expiration of those first charters in February, 1883, an act was passed on July 12, 1882, extending the banks’ existence for another 20 years. A similar extension was granted with an Act of Congress on April 12, 1902, and just before the 1922 expiration date, the National Currency Act was amended to provide 99-year lives for all National banks. This, in turn, was amended five years later, on Feb. 25, 1927, with the endowment of perpetual succession of their corporate identity on National banks.
A better understanding of National Bank Notes as a whole can be gained by a study of the several unique component parts of the National Currency issues.
Upon the approval of its organization as a National Bank, the Comptroller would issue each bank a unique charter number, designating its place on the roster of all such banks. Charter No. 1 was issued to The First National Bank of Philadelphia in June, 1863. Charter No. 14320, the highest to appear on a National Bank Note, was issued in early 1935 to The Liberty National Bank & Trust Company, Louisville, Ky.
The very earliest Original Series National Bank Notes were not required to have their charter number imprinted. However, when it was discovered that notes being presented at the Treasury for redemption could not be quickly sorted, an Act of June 20, 1874, was passed, requiring the charter number be overprinted twice on the face of each note. In the 1882 revision of the National Currency Act, the printing of the charter number as part of the engraved border design in six different places on the face of the note was required; this to facilitate the redemption of partial notes. The 1882 act also required the surcharge of the number on the face, and its printing in the center of the back, giving rise to the popular Series 1882 Brown Back type notes. The Aldrich-Vreeland Act of May 30, 1908, provided for dropping the charter number from the back of the note, thus creating the 1882 Date Back and Value Back series.
The Series of 1902 notes, authorized by the Act of April 12, 1902, again provided for the engraving of the charter number six times on the face border, and overprinting of the number twice on the face.
The small size National Bank Notes which debuted in 1929 were no longer printed from plates specially engraved for each bank. Rather, for the Type 1 notes, the charter number was overprinted twice in black on the face, along with the bank, city and state names, and the officers’ signatures. On the Type 2 small size Nationals, the charter number was printed an extra two times on the face, in brown ink, matching the Treasury seal and serial numbers.
Bank Title
Each National bank’s title, once approved by the Comptroller of the Currency, was engraved on the face of all currency printing plates for that bank. On large size Nationals, the title, along with city and state of the bank’s location, is printed in a variety of bold and interesting type faces in the center of the note. On small size Nationals, the title is printed to the left of the portrait. Prior to May 1, 1886, it took an act of Congress to change the title of a National Bank. Legislation on that date, though, gave the banks authority to change their name upon a vote of the stockholders, and with the approval of the Comptroller of the Currency.
While the engraved date near the title on the face of all large size National Bank Notes remains something of an enigma, it is generally believed to have been chosen by the Comptroller of the Currency to represent the approximate date of issue for the note. This is not an absolute indicator of issue, though, and thus has little significance to the collector.
Treasury Serial Number
From the first issues of National Bank Notes of Dec. 21, 1863, to Aug. 22, 1925, all National Bank Notes carried a U.S. Treasury serial number on the face of the note. On all notes except the $1 and $2, the Treasury serial number appears somewhere in the upper right of the note. On the First Charter $1 and $2 notes, the Treasury number runs vertically at the left end of the note. After Aug. 22, 1925, the Treasury number was replaced by a second impression of the issuing bank’s serial number.
Bank Serial Number
Found on all National Bank Notes, except for the small size Type 2 notes, it indicates how many impressions of a particular plate configuration had been printed for a bank. For the Type 2 small size notes, the bank serial number is an indicator of how many notes of a particular denomination had been issued by a bank.
Treasury Signatures
On all National Bank Notes, the engraved signatures of the Register of the Treasury and the Treasurer of the U.S. appear on the face, usually just above center, the Register’s to the left of the bank title, and the Treasurer’s to the right; though there are exceptions to this placement. The particular combination of these signatures can pinpoint the period in which a plate was engraved for a given bank.
Bank Officers’ Signatures
The original National Currency Act of 1863 required that each National Bank Note be signed by the Cashier and the bank’s President or Vice President. These signatures, whether pen autographed, rubber stamped, or engraved, always appear at the bottom of the face of the note, the Cashier to the left, the President (or VP) to the right. The signatures gave a local stamp of approval to this type of currency, probably an important consideration when it was first issued and at a time when paper money was often distrusted. The thousands of persons whose signatures appear on National Bank Notes help give each individual note a unique history not found in other forms of U.S. currency.
Treasury Seal
Found on the face of all National Bank Notes, the overprinted Treasury seal was the final Federal authentication of the note, giving each note its validity as circulating currency. Generally found on the right side of the note’s face, it varies in color (red, brown, blue), size and embellishment (8 or 12 scallops, 34 or 40 rays).
Geographic Letters
From 1902-1924, large block letters were overprinted with and near the bank’s charter number on each National Bank Note to facilitate sorting at central redemption points. Each letter stood for a particular geographic area of the country where the issuing bank was located: N for New England, E for Eastern, S for Southern, M for Midwest, W for Western and P for Pacific.
Plate Position Letters
On all large size National Bank Notes, a letter from A through D appears twice on the face of the note to indicate from which position (top, 2nd, 3rd or bottom) on a printing plate the note had been produced. Because of the great variety of plate configurations used, there is little significance attached by collectors to plate letters, except perhaps in the case of bank serial number 1 notes, in which case the A-position notes might be of greater value. Among small size Nationals, the plate position letter is part of the serial number. On Series 1929 Nationals, the prefix letter of the serial number is the plate position. Since 1929s were printed six-up in a sheet, the plate positions letters (prefix) run from A through F.
National Bank Notes were authorized, over the course of their history, in denominations of $1, $2, $3, $5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500, $1,000, and $10,000. No notes of the $3 or $10,000 denomination were printed. No surviving $1,000 Nationals are known, although the Treasury still reports 21 outstanding. Only three, of a reported-outstanding 173, $500 Nationals are known in collections. It should also be noted that not all banks issued all denominations in all series.
While the original National Banking Act of Feb. 25, 1863, authorized state, as well as National, banks to issue circulating currency upon deposit of U.S. bonds with the Treasury as security, no state banks took advantage of this privilege before it was withdrawn from them by the Act of June 3, 1864, leaving the National banks in a monopoly position as far as bank-issued currency.
The 1863 legislation allowed National banks to issue notes to the total of 90% of the market value of specified series of United States bonds which they had deposited with the Treasurer of the United States. The revision of June 3, 1864, limited the total amount of National Bank Notes in circulation to $300 million; while a provision to apportion that total was added in March 3, 1865, legislation. That act - which also imposed a 10% tax on state bank notes in circulation, effectively killing them offspecified that half of the circulation be apportioned on the basis of population, and half on the basis of banking capital.
In 1870, additional circulation of $54 million was added to the total, and measures taken to more equitably distribute it, while a $500,000 circulation per bank limit was imposed. In 1875, the restrictions on a per bank basis, as well as total circulation, were taken off. In 1900, banks were allowed to issue notes to the full 100% market value of their bond deposits, instead of the 90%.
The circulation privilege was effectively withdrawn in favor of the Federal Reserve Bank System in July, 1935, when the last of the U.S. bonds carrying that privilege were called in. No new bonds of the type have been issued since.
A National bank could wind up its affairs in one of three manners, as specified by law. A bank which violated provisions of the current legislation or charter, or which refused to redeem its notes, could be placed in charge of a receiver by order of the Comptroller of the Currency. It may have been allowed to reopen if it could be proved to be sound. If not, the receiver liquidated the bank’s assets so as to provide for meeting the greatest amount of the bank’s liabilities.
A bank could also go into voluntary liquidation on a two-thirds vote of the stockholders. Such might be done to allow the bank to be absorbed by or to absorb and consolidate with another bank, either National or state.
After Nov. 18, 1918, a National Bank could also close its corporate doors by consolidating with another bank, but not liquidating its assets.
National Bank Note Chronology

Act of Feb. 25, 1863. The original National Currency Act allowed banks with more than $50,000 capital to organize as National banks. Before starting business as such, the bank was required to deposit with the Treasurer of the United States, specified U.S. bonds to the amount of not less than one-third of its capital stock. With that deposit, the Comptroller of the Currency would issue the bank its “Certificate of Authority to Commence Business,” its charter. Banks organized under this act were given a corporate life of 20 years from the date of the act.
Act of June 3, 1864.This act provided that any National bank now organized would have a 20-year charter from the date of organization. It also required that bonds deposited against note-issue be registered, interest bearing U.S. bonds.
Act of March 3, 1865. Besides provision mentioned in the earlier text, this allowed state banks with branches to convert to National status. At that time, National banks were not allowed to establish branch banks.
Act of July 12, 1870. This act provided for the organization of National Gold Banks. Subject to greater restrictions than other National Banks, the National Gold Banks could issue currency only to the total of 80% of their deposited bonds, and had to maintain in their vaults gold and silver equal to 25 % of their circulation.
Act of Feb. 14, 1880. The act permitted the conversion of National Gold Banks to regular National banks, and allowed them to keep their original date of organization.
Act of July 12, 1882. This act created the Second Charter Period, allowing National banks to extend their charters for another 20 years.
Act of March 14, 1900. This act greatly increased the number of National banks by allowing the organization of banks with a minimum of $25,000 capital in localities of fewer than 3,000 population.
Act of April 12, 1902. This act created the Third Charter Period by extending the charters of banks chartered or re-chartered under the 1882 act for another 20 years.
Act of May 30, 1908. A response to the financial panic of 1907, this act, known as the Aldrich-Vreeland Act, allowed the formation of voluntary National Currency Associations. To form such an association required at least 10 National banks with a total of at least $50 million in capital and a surplus of at least 2. After formation, such associations could deposit “other securities” against which they could circulate notes to the extent of 75% of their value. These other securities were usually short-term notes, payable within six months. Due to expire on June 30, 1914, the act was extended by the Federal Reserve Act of Dec. 23, 1913, to June 30, 1915, when it did expire.
Act of July 1, 1922. The act provided that all National banks then in existence would have a corporate life of 99 years from the date of the legislation. All National banks organized after this date would have a corporate existence of 99 years from the date of organization. Act of Feb. 25, 1927. This act provided perpetual corporate life for all National banks then in existence or to be organized in the future. It also allowed National banks to establish branch banks and for the assumption of state banks by National banks.
First Charter Notes
Although the First Charter Period ran from Feb. 25, 1863, through July 11, 1882, notes of the First Charter type were issued until 1902, a 40-year period. This was due to the authorizing legislation which granted a National bank a charter good for 20 years from the date of reorganization, not the date of the National Bank Act (Feb. 25, 1863). Once a bank was chartered in this period, it issued the same type of notes for 20 years, despite the fact that the Second Charter Period may have come into effect (July 12, 1902)during the course of that time. When the bank’s original 20-year charter expired, and it was re-chartered under the Second (or even Third) Period, it would begin issue of Second (or Third) Period notes, as appropriate to the date of its charter extension.
During the First Charter period, two different series of notes were issued, Original Series and Series of 1875.
Notes of the Original Series appeared in denominations from $1 through $1,000, and are distinguishable principally by their lack of overprinted charter numbers, although some banks did issue Original Series notes with charter numbers surcharged. The nearly identical Series 1875 notes all have red (or in rare cases, black) charter numbers imprinted, along with the notation at the left of the bank title “Series 1875.”
Serial numbers of First Charter notes appear in either red or blue, with the blue variety being the scarcer.
Obligation of the face of the note reads: “This note is secured by bonds of the United States deposited with the U.S. Treasurer in Washington ... The (name and location of bank) will pay the bearer on demand – dollars.” On back, there is the inscription: “This note is receivable at par in all parts of the United States, in payment of all taxes and excises and other dues to the United States, except duties on imports, and also for all salaries and other debts and demands owing by the United States to individuals, corporations and associations within the United States except interest on the public debt.”
Second Charter Notes
Three distinct note issues make up the National Currency of the Second Charter Period, July 12, 1882, through April 11, 1902. These types differ principally in their back designs for which collectors have evolved the nicknames Brown Back, Date Back and Value Back.
Like the notes of the First Charter Period, the Second Charter Period currency was issued for a span of 40 years, until 1922, when all charters had to be renewed.
The Brown Backs of Series 1882 were placed in circulation that year, and were issued until 1908. The Brown Backs take their name from the large charter number printed on the back in the center of two cartouches of geometric design in brown ink. All other printing on back was also in the brown shades which matched the predominant color of the note’s face.
Called Date Backs because of the large 1882-1908 dates on their green-printed backs, the second issue of Series 1882 Nationals was a result of the previously described Aldrich-Vreeland Act. Denominations from $5-$100 were in circulation from June, 1908, to July, 1916, and the $50s and $100s continued current in this type until 1922. Date Back 1882 Nationals were issued only by banks which had issued Brown Backs, and the charter of which were still in force. Those banks whose charter expired in the 1908-1916 period were re-chartered and issued notes of the Third Charter Period.
The expiration of the Aldrich-Vreeland Act in 1915 gave rise to the third type of Series 1882 Nationals, the rare Value Backs (sometimes called Denomination Backs). As implied, the name comes from the large spelled-out indication of value in the center of the back design. As a type, they are the rarest of National Bank Notes, having been issued in the period 1916-1922 by banks which had issued the Date Back type and for which the charter was still in effect. Naturally, this number dwindled each successive year as banks were re-chartered and their note issues switched to the Third Period types.
The Date Back and Value Back notes of Series 1882 were something of emergency issues, produced at a time when it was felt an increase in the supply of currency in circulation was needed to combat hard times. Accordingly, for their issue, the Treasury accepted certain securities other than U.S. bonds on deposit against circulation. This addition is stated on the obligations of these notes.
Third Charter Notes
Passed to extend the life of those National banks whose charters were coming to expiration beginning in 1902, the Currency Act of April 12, 1902, created the Third Charter Period and the three distinct types of National Currency issued thereunder.
In 1922, Congress did away with the need for continual renewing of charters every 20 years by granting National banks perpetual charters to operate.
Issued from 1902 until they were replaced by the small size National Currency in 1929, the Third Charter Nationals represented a change in design to distinguish them from the notes of the Second Charter Period.
The first issue of the Third Charter Period was the popular and often-rare Red Seals. Issued only from 1902-1908, due to the intervention of the Aldrich-Vreeland Emergency Money Act, the Red Seals were issued for a shorter period and by fewer banks than the other two Third Charter types. Their rarity, and the fact that they were issued by every U.S. state and Territory except Hawaii, make them a challenge among collectors who seek to build a state set of this type.
The latter two issues of the Third Charter Period both feature blue Treasury seals, and are principally distinguished by their backs.
The Series 1902 Date Back carries the dates 1902 and 1908 in the white space on the upper back. Like the Second Charter Date Backs, they are something of an emergency issue, having been released during the term of the Aldrich-Vreeland Act, 1908-1915, with the $50s and $100, as in Series 1882, being issued later, until 1926.

Upon expiration of that emergency currency measure, the issues of the Third Charter Period continued with the 1902 Plain Backs, named thus for their lack of the 1902-1908 dates on back. The most plentiful of all National Bank Notes, they were issued from 1915 to 1929, when they were superceded by the small size issue.
Small Size Nationals
When the rest of the currency classes were “down-sized” in July, 1929, the National Bank Notes were included. At the same time, their designs were standardized to fit in with the other types of notes in the same denominations.
Two separate types of small size Nationals were issued. Type 1, current from July, 1929-May, 1933, is distinguished chiefly by the appearance of the bank charter number only twice on the face of the note, in heavy black numerals. Serial numbers of the Type 1 notes consisted of a prefix letter A through F (corresponding to the note’s position on the printing plate), six digits and the suffix A (or B, in the case of Ch. No. 2379, The Chase N.B., New York City, the only bank to issue more than six million small size notes in any denomination). The Type 2 Series 1929 Nationals had the same two charter imprints as Type 1, but had an extra pair in brown ink alongside the serial numbers. Serial numbering of the Type 2 notes was also different, being made up of prefix letter A (B only in the case of The Bank of America National Trust and Savings Association of San Francisco) along with six digits.
The obligation was changed on the Series 1929 Nationals, to read “follows: “National Currency secured by United States bonds deposited with the Treasurer of the United States of America ... The (bank name and city/state) will pay to the bearer on demand – dollars.” At right, across the brown Treasury seal, was the obligation: “Redeemable in lawful money of the United States at United States Treasury or at the bank of issue.”
The calling in of the bonds which secured the National Currency issue ended this Golden Era for U.S. paper money in May, 1935.
Surviving National Bank Notes
Of the approximately $17 billion worth of National Currency issued between 1863-1935, it is estimated that some $50 million worth remain outstanding today, with most knowledgeable observers in agreement that the surviving amount is about equally divided between large and small size issues, representing about 3/10 of 1% of the total issue.
This is an excerpt from the Standard Catalog of United State Paper Money by George S. Cuhaj and William Brandimore.
Since 1963, to this present day, the United States has remained under the control of the royal European banking elite through their control of the Federal Reserve who during this past nearly 60 years have all but dismantled what was once the great Nation known as the United States of America.
Through their infiltration of all levels of government, corporations and media, they have used their forces to destroy America’s “moral fiber” and reduce this once great power to but a shadow of its former self.  Their once great industrial might is now gone, their schools are noted for their shockingly high dropout rates (even those who graduate know less than a child born a century ago), its once great cities are fast falling into ruin as its roads and bridges disintegrate too, and, perhaps worst of all, these once great people have nearly lost all hope.
The stage for this all occurring is being set now as the most pivotal day in the history of the United States is racing towards us all….December 21, 2012.
What I constantly argue is that without a central bank, talking about Afghanistan, Iraq, and now possibly Iran would be impossible, because the government would have to go directly to an individual to raise taxes, and would therefore be impossible after the 100th house they visited. Central banking allows for money to be produced out of “thin air” to finance our overseas empire. This is where we get inflation folks!!!
Since someone reading this thread, will question my wisdom, I wanted to talk about 6 presidents that did stop a central bank under their administration.
General George Washington (1732-1799) who is credited with being the “Father of the Nation” for winning his Nation’s war of Independence from the British.  Washington gained further fame by returning to his Virginia farm in the “spirit of Cincinnatus” after ending his second term of office and not, as many had wished, becoming a king.
General Andrew Jackson (1767-1845). A hero of the War of 1812 for defeating a superior British force at the Battle of New Orleans, Jackson was put into power to defeat the establishment of a Central Bank that was supported by President John Quincy Adams (1767-1848) and was feared would split the Nation.
Of the danger facing the United States should a Central Bank be allowed to gain control of the US economy Jackson warned:
“The bold effort the present (central) bank had made to control the government … are but premonitions of the fate that await the American people should they be deluded into a perpetuation of this institution or the establishment of another like it. I am one of those who do not believe that a national debt is a national blessing, but rather a curse to a republic; inasmuch as it is calculated to raise around the administration a moneyed aristocracy dangerous to the liberties of the country.”
Directly to President Adams and the other Central Bank supporters Jackson said directly:
“Gentlemen, I have had men watching you for a long time and I am convinced that you have used the funds of the bank to speculate in the breadstuffs of the country. When you won, you divided the profits amongst you, and when you lost, you charged it to the bank. You tell me that if I take the deposits from the bank and annul its charter, I shall ruin ten thousand families. That may be true, gentlemen, but that is your sin! Should I let you go on, you will ruin fifty thousand families, and that would be my sin! You are a den of vipers and thieves.”
Adams was enraged at his and the Central Banks defeat by Jackson and refused to attend his inauguration.  To his dying day Adams retained a great hatred of this president and as a Member of the United States House of Representatives (the only American President to serve in this body after leaving office.) cast the only “no” vote on a law to give medals to the US Military officers who had served in the Mexican-American War (1846-1848).  Immediately after casting his vote Adams collapsed and died two days later.
General Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885), who like Jackson before him was put into power to defeat those forces attempting to create a Central Bank said needed due to the United States massive debts incurred from their Civil War (1861-1865) and opposed by President Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), who said:
“The government should create, issue, and circulate all the currency and credit needed to satisfy the spending power of the government and the buying power of consumers. The privilege of creating and issuing money is not only the supreme prerogative of government, but it is the government’s greatest creative opportunity. The financing of all public enterprise, and the conduct of the treasury will become matters of practical administration. Money will cease to be master and will then become servant of humanity.”
Upon President Lincoln’s assassination by those forces advocating a Central Bank he was succeeded by President Andrew Johnson (1808-1875) who, like Lincoln before him, opposed those European forces [the Rothschild's banking family alone was reported to have lost nearly $50 million in support of the Confederacy.] attempting to take control of the American economy and in further “outrages” against them forgave the Southern States of their debts, granted unconditional amnesty to all Confederate Soldiers, freed all remaining slaves in the United States, and paid back the Russian Empire for its blocking of a North American invasion by British and French forces by purchasing Alaska for $7.2 million.
For President Johnson’s continued opposing the aims of the Central Bankers he was greatly weakened by two attempts to impeach him from office [In 1926 the US Supreme Court ruled the basis for those impeachment attempts as unconstitutional.] thus necessitating the need to put General Grant in power.
Chester A. Arthur (1829-1886) who was also the first non-military member of the order to ascend to the Presidency but did so through the rules of primogeniture (right of first born) granted to him as the direct descendant of maternal grandfather and Revolutionary War leader Uriah Stone and was “established in place” to take power upon the assassination by these European bankers of President James A. Garfield (1831-1881).
President Garfield warned of the dangers to America should these Central Bankers ever gain power by stating shortly before his death in 1881, “Whoever controls the money of a nation, controls that nation and is absolute master of all industry and commerce. When you realize that the entire system is very easily controlled, one way or another, by a few powerful men at the top, you will not have to be told how periods of inflation and depression originate.”
William McKinley (1843-1901) whose membership in the order was granted under their rules of primogeniture through his grandfather and American Revolutionary War hero David McKinley, and who by his own right had distinguished himself as a hero in the Civil War.
President McKinley began his attack against the Central Bankers with his ally and Secretary of State John Sherman (1823-1900) whose connection his older brother and Civil War here General William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891).  The legal tool used by President McKinley and Sherman against the European bankers was the law known as the “Sherman Antitrust Act” which was first brought to bear against the Rothschild supported and funded JP Morgan financial empire known as the Northern Trust who by the late 1800's owned nearly all of America’s railroads.
Shortly after President McKinley began his attack against the Central Bankers he was assassinated (1901) allowing his Vice President Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt (1858-1919) to take power. Upon the Rothschild backed “and paid for” President Roosevelt taking office one of Roosevelt’s first acts was to drop the United States government lawsuits against the Northern Trust and accelerate the American age known as “Manifest Destiny” which continues to this day and basically gives these Central Bankers the “power” to plunder the entire World for profit and gain above all else.
The last chance to thwart the European plan to establish a Central Bank in the United States ended on April 14, 1912 with the deliberate sinking of the RMS Titanic by British agents that killed one of the orders members named Major Archibald Willingham Butt (1865-1912) along with the American business tycoons John Jacob Astor IV, Benjamin Guggenheim and Isidor Straus who were returning to the United States from Great Britain after what they believed was a successful “negotiation” with the Rothschild’s to “leave America alone” under “threat of war”
With the last “obstacles” removed from creating a Central Bank in the United States with the sinking of the Titanic the European banking powers forced through the American legal system what is known as the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 which once enacted (and remains to this day) became the sole and complete authority over the United States economy forcing the American people into two World Wars and countless other conflicts during the past 97 years all designed with one single purpose, to create for Europe’s royal families a “New World Order” controlled by them.
General Dwight David “Ike” Eisenhower (1890-1969), who was “appalled” over his Nations defacto surrender to Nazi German forces during World War II in order to obtain the atomic bomb Hitler was ready to use against them, and the deliberate murder of his close friend General George S. Patton (1885-1945) who upon his learning that Europe’s royal “powers” had delivered the atomic bombs secrets to the Soviet Union was ready to march against them.
Both Eisenhower and Patton, Sons of the American Revolution, were especially enraged over President Harry Truman’s (1884-1972) dropping of two atomic bombs on Japan.
President John F. Kennedy (1917-1963) with the election the country’s fortunes neared victory when on June 4, 1963 President Kennedy issued Executive Order 1110 which for the first time since 1913 returned to the United States government the power to issue currency, without going through the Federal Reserve (Central Bank).
Five months later, on November 22, 1963, President Kennedy was brutally assassinated while sitting by the side of his wife in a Dallas, Texas motorcade, an event so shocking that has continually been talked about through the ages.
For as this date is more well known as the end of the ancient Mayans long count calendar (and ending of the World?), it is also the date the Federal Reserve’s 99-year old charter to control the American economy ends.  And, most importantly, for it to be renewed it would require not only a majority vote in both houses [Senate and House of Representatives] of the US Congress, but also a three-quarter majority vote by every one of their 50 States’ legislative bodies.
FIAT EMPIRE - Why the Federal Reserve Violates the U.S. Constitution
This documentary with RON PAUL, G. EDWARD GRIFFIN, EDWIN VIEIRA and TED BAEHR is an excellent primer for the citizen who wants to get an understanding of how money is created and why the U.S. government is in partnership with the elite banks. A high quality DVD with 120-minutes of additional interviews is available at A new DVD on the Constitution, featuring RON PAUL, PAT BUCHANAN and G. EDWARD GRIFFIN will be available soon at
Monopoly Men (Federal Reserve Fraud) (1999)
47:22 - 4 years ago
The Federal Reserve, or the Fed as it is lovingly called, may be one of the most mysterious entities in modern American government. Created during Wilson's presidency to protect the economy in times of financial turmoil, its real business remains to be discovered. During the Wilson presidency, the U.S. government sanctions the creation of the Federal Reserve. Thought by many to be a government organization maintained to provide financial accountability in the event of a domestic depression, the actual business of the Fed is shrouded in secrecy. Many Americans will be shocked to discover that the principle business of the Fed is to print money from nothing, lend it to the U.S. government and charge interest on these loans. Who keeps the interest? Good question. Find out as the connective tissue between this and other top-secret international organizations is explored and exposed.
G Edward Griffin - Creature From Jekyll Island A Second Look at the Federal Reserve
42:15 - 3 years ago
G Edward Griffin explains the FEDERAL RESERVE - a total money scam. Ron Paul will reverse this!>>>>>
The Birth of the U.S. Federal Reserve Bank - How usury destroyed America
1:11:11 - 3 years ago
Where does money come from? Where does it go? Who makes it? The money magician's secrets are unveiled. Here is a close look at their mirrors and smoke machines, the pulleys, cogs, and wheels that create the grand illusion called money. A boring subject? Just wait. You'll be hooked in five minutes. It sounds like a detective story, which it really is, but it's all true. Based on Mr. Griffin's book of the same title, this address will shatter your old ideas about money and change the way you view the world. 1998 lecture.
Bill Still is a former newspaper editor and publisher, best-selling  author and award-
winning filmmaker. He has written for:

    * USA Today
    * The Los Angeles Times Syndicate
    * The Saturday Evening Post
    * Omni Magazine
“An impressive and highly informative book, exactly right for its time. Bill Still explains
the fundamental flaw at the heart of our debt-based money system, and how to eliminate it. With a background in journalism, he brings passion, honesty and an exacting attention to historical detail, and so makes the reader feel the urgency of this central question for every nation. The international perspective shows unarguably that the problem is global. The book is also bang up to date, and with HyperScan technology it can remain so.”
Dr. Bob Welham, Bristol, UK
UPDATED FEB 27, 2016
The house of Rothschild - the Money's prophets
The American Dream By The Provocateur Network
1 Timothy 6:10  For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil.
browser caching disabled
The Collapse of Nations All By The Hand Of Corrupt Bankers<<<<<link to article
Bob Chapman
International Forecaster
June 19, 2011
Appendix E – Money Is Created by Banks
Evidence Given by Graham Towers

Some of the most frank evidence on banking practices was given by Graham F. Towers, Governor of the Central Bank of Canada (from 1934 to 1955), before the Canadian Government's Committee on Banking and Commerce, in 1939. Its proceedings cover 850 pages. (Standing Committee on Banking and Commerce, Minutes of Proceedings and Evidence Respecting the Bank of Canada, Ottawa, J.O. Patenaude, I.S.O., Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty, 1939.) Most of the evidence quoted was the result of interrogation by Mr. “Gerry” McGeer, K.C., a former mayor of Vancouver, who clearly understood the essentials of central banking. Here are a few excerpts:
Q. But there is no question about it that banks create the medium of exchange?
Mr. Towers: That is right. That is what they are for... That is the Banking business, just in the same way that a steel plant makes steel. (p. 287)
The manufacturing process consists of making a pen-and-ink or typewriter entry on a card in a book. That is all. (pp. 76 and 238)
Each and every time a bank makes a loan (or purchases securities), new bank credit is created — new deposits — brand new money. (pp. 113 and 238)
Broadly speaking, all new money comes out of a Bank in the form of loans.
As loans are debts, then under the present system all money is debt. (p. 459)
Q. When $1,000,000 worth of bonds is presented (by the government) to the bank, a million dollars of new money or the equivalent is created?
Mr. Towers: Yes.
Q. Is it a fact that a million dollars of new money is created?
Mr. Towers: That is right.
Q. Now, the same thing holds true when the municipality or the province goes to the bank?
Mr. Towers: Or an individual borrower.
Q. Or when a private person goes to a bank?
Mr. Towers: Yes.
Q. When I borrow $100 from the bank as a private citizen, the bank makes a bookkeeping entry, and there is a $100 increase in the deposits of that bank, in the total deposits of that bank?
Mr. Towers: Yes. (p. 238)
Q. Mr. Towers, when you allow the merchant banking system to issue bank deposits which, with the practice of using the cheques as we have it in vogue today, constitutes the medium of exchange upon which I think 95 per cent of our public and private business is transacted, you virtually allow the banks to issue an effective substitute for money, do you not?
Mr. Towers: The bank deposits are actual money in that sense, yes.
Q. In that sense they are actual money, but, as a matter of fact, they are not actual money but credit, bookkeeping accounts, which are used as a substitute for money?
Mr. Towers: Yes.
Q. Then we authorize the banks to issue a substitute for money?
Mr. Towers: Yes, I think that is a very fair statement of banking. (p. 285)
Q. 12 per cent of the money in use in Canada is issued by the Government through the Mint and the Bank of Canada, and 88 per cent is issued by the merchant banks of Canada on the reserves issued by the Bank of Canada?
Mr. Towers: Yes.
Q. But if the issue of currency and money is a high prerogative of government, then that high prerogative has been transferred to the extent of 88 per cent from the Government to the merchant banking system?
Mr. Towers: Yes. (p. 286)
Q. Will you tell me why a government with power to create money, should give that power away to a private monopoly, and then borrow that which parliament can create itself, back at interest, to the point of national bankruptcy?
Mr. Towers: If parliament wants to change the form of operating the banking system, then certainly that is within the power of parliament. (p. 394)
Q. So far as war is concerned, to defend the integrity of the nation, there will be no difficulty in raising the means of financing, whatever those requirements may be?
Mr. Towers: The limit of the possibilities depends on men and materials.
Q. And where you have an abundance of men and materials, you have no difficulty, under our present banking system, in putting forth the medium of exchange that is necessary to put the men and materials to work in defence of the realm?
Mr. Towers: That is right. (p. 649)
Q. Would you admit that anything physically possible and desirable, can be made financially possible?
Mr. Towers: Certainly. (p. 771)
“The Money Myth Exploded”
Money As Debt-Full Length Documentary
The Money Masters - Full
Gerald Celente: 'IMF - International Mafia Federation'
Debt is the slavery of the free.
Publilius Syrus (Roman author, 1st century B.C.)
Debt bondage has been defined by the United Nations as a form of "modern day slavery" [4] and is prohibited by international law. (1956 Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery,       Signed , 7 September 1956)
Article 1
The parties commit to abolish and abandon
debt bondage, serfdom, servile marriage and child servitude.
Debt bondage (or
bonded labor) is a form of contemporary slavery in which a person pledges themselves against a loan.[1] In debt bondage, the services required to repay the debt may be undefined, and the services' duration may be undefined.[1] Debt bondage can be passed on from generation to generation.[1]
"Socialism means slavery".
“The issue which has swept down the centuries and which will have to be fought sooner or later is
The People vs. The Banks.” - Lord Acton, Historian, 1834 - 1902
Money As Debt II-Promises Unleashed-Full Length Documentary
Fractional-reserve banking is a type of banking whereby the bank does not retain all of a customer’s deposits within the bank. Funds received by the bank are generally on-loaned to other customers. This means that available funds (called bank reserves) are only a fraction (called the reserve ratio) of the quantity of deposits at the bank. As most bank deposits are treated as money in their own right, fractional reserve banking increases the money supply, and banks are said to create money.

Bank runs (or when problems are widespread, a systemic crisis) can occur in fractional-reserve banking systems. To mitigate this risk, the governments of most countries (usually acting through the central bank) regulate and oversee commercial banks, provide deposit insurance and act as lender of last resort to commercial banks.

Fractional-reserve banking is the most common form of banking and is practiced in almost all countries. Although Islamic banking prohibits the making of profit from interest on debt, a form of fractional-reserve banking is still evident in most Islamic countries.
The Federal Reserve, the IRS & Communism
Corrupt Banking System
Too Big To Fail?: 10 Banks Own 77 Percent Of All U.S. Banking Assets
Are You Prepared For The Coming Economic Collapse And The Next Great Depression?
Back in 2002, the top 10 banks controlled 55 percent of all U.S. banking assets.  Today, the top 10 banks control 77 percent of all U.S. banking assets.  Unfortunately, these giant banks are also colossal mountains of risk, debt and leverage.  They are incredibly unstable and they could start coming apart again at any time.  None of the major problems that caused the crash of 2008 have been fixed.  In fact, the U.S. banking system is more centralized and more vulnerable today than it ever has been before.
It really is difficult for ordinary Americans to get a handle on just how large these financial institutions are.  For example, the "big six" U.S. banks (Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, JPMorgan Chase, Citigroup, Bank of America, and Wells Fargo) now possess assets equivalent to approximately 60 percent of America's gross national product.
Too Big To Fail?: 10 Banks Own 77 Percent Of All U.S. Banking Assets

Back during the financial crisis of 2008, the American people were told that the largest banks in the United States were "too big to fail" and that was why it was necessary for the federal government to step in and bail them out.  The idea was that if several of our biggest banks collapsed at the same time the financial system would not be strong enough to keep things going and economic activity all across America would simply come to a standstill.  Congress was told that if the "too big to fail" banks did not receive bailouts that there would be chaos in the streets and this country would plunge into another Great Depression.  Since that time, however, essentially no efforts have been made to decentralize the U.S. banking system.  Instead, the "too big to fail" banks just keep getting larger and larger and larger.  Back in 2002, the top 10 banks controlled 55 percent of all U.S. banking assets.  Today, the top 10 banks control 77 percent of all U.S. banking assets.  Unfortunately, these giant banks are also colossal mountains of risk, debt and leverage.  They are incredibly unstable and they could start coming apart again at any time.  None of the major problems that caused the crash of 2008 have been fixed.  In fact, the U.S. banking system is more centralized and more vulnerable today than it ever has been before.
It really is difficult for ordinary Americans to get a handle on just how large these financial institutions are.  For example, the "big six" U.S. banks (Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, JPMorgan Chase, Citigroup, Bank of America, and Wells Fargo) now possess assets equivalent to approximately 60 percent of America's gross national product.
These huge banks are giant financial vacuum cleaners.  Over the past couple of decades we have witnessed a financial consolidation in this country that is absolutely unprecedented.
This trend accelerated during the recent financial crisis.  While the big boys were receiving massive bailouts, the hundreds of small banks that were failing were either allowed to collapse or they were told that they should find a big bank that was willing to buy them.
As a group, Citigroup, JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America and Wells Fargo held approximately 22 percent of all banking deposits in FDIC-insured institutions back in 2000.
By the middle of 2009 that figure was up to 39 percent.
That is not just a trend - that is a landslide.
Sadly, smaller banks continue to fail in large numbers and the big banks just keep growing and getting more power.
Today, there are more than 1,000 U.S. banks that are on the "unofficial list" of problem banking institutions.
In the absence of fundamental changes, the consolidation of the banking industry is going to continue.
Meanwhile, the "too big to fail" banks are flush with cash and they are getting serious about expanding.  The Federal Reserve has been extremely good to the big boys and they are eager to grow.
For example, Citigroup is becoming extremely aggressive about expanding....
    Citigroup has been hiring dozens of investment bankers, dialing up advertising and drawing up plans to add several hundred branches worldwide, including more than 200 in major cities across the United States.
Hopefully the big banks will start lending again.  The whole idea behind the bailouts and all of the "quantitative easing" that the Federal Reserve did was to get money into the hands of the big banks so that they would lend it out to ordinary Americans and get the economy rolling again.
Well, a funny thing happened.  The big banks just sat on a lot of that money.
In particular, what they did was they deposited much of it at the Fed and drew interest on it.
Since 2008, excess reserves parked at the Fed have grown by nearly 1.7 trillion dollars.  Just check out the chart posted below....

The American people were promised that TARP and all of the other bailouts would enable the big banks to lend out lots of money which would help get the economy going for ordinary Americans again.
Well, it turns out that in 2009 (the first full year after Congress passed the bailout legislation) U.S. banks posted their sharpest decline in lending since 1942.

Lending has never fully recovered since the crash of 2008.  The big financial institutions like Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley and JPMorgan Chase have been able to get all the cash that they need, but they have not passed that generosity along to ordinary Americans.
In fact, the biggest U.S. banks have actually reduced small business lending by about 50 percent since the crash of 2008.
That doesn't sound like what we were promised.
These "too big to fail" banks have been able to borrow gigantic amounts of money from the Fed for next to nothing and yet they still refuse to let credit flow to local communities.  Instead, the big banks have found other purposes for all of the super cheap money that they have been getting from the Fed as Ellen Brown recently explained....
    It can be very profitable indeed for the big Wall Street banks, but the purpose of the near-zero interest rates was supposed to be to get banks to lend again. Instead, they are, indeed, paying “outrageous bonuses to their top executives;” using the money to engage in the same sort of unregulated speculation that nearly brought down the economy in 2008; buying up smaller banks; or investing this virtually interest-free money in risk-free government bonds, on which taxpayers are paying 2.5 percent interest (more for longer-term securities).
What makes things even worse is that these big banks often pay next to nothing in taxes.
For example, between 2008 and 2010, Wells Fargo made a total profit of 49.37 billion dollars.
Over that same time period, their tax bill was negative 681 million dollars.
Do you understand what that means?  Over that 3 year time period, Wells Fargo actually got 681 million dollars back from the U.S. government.
Isn't that just peachy?
Meanwhile, the big financial giants have not learned their lessons and they continue to do business pretty much as they did it prior to 2008.
The big banks continue to roll up massive amounts of risk, debt and leverage.
Today, Wall Street has become one giant financial casino.  More money is made on Wall Street by making side bets (commonly referred to as "derivatives") than on the investments themselves.
If the bets pay off for the big financial institutions, mind blowing profits can be made.  But if the bets go against the big financial institutions (as we saw in 2008), firms can collapse almost overnight.
In fact, it was derivatives that almost brought down AIG.  The biggest insurance company in the world almost folded in 2008 because of a whole bunch of really bad bets.
The danger from derivatives is so great that Warren Buffet once called them "financial weapons of mass destruction".  It has been estimated that the notional value of the worldwide derivatives market is somewhere in the neighborhood of a quadrillion dollars.
The largest banks have tens of trillions of dollars of exposure to derivatives.  When the next great financial collapse happens, derivatives will almost certainly be at the center of it once again.  These side bets do not create anything real for the economy - they just make and lose huge amounts of money.  We never know when the next great derivatives crisis will strike.  Derivatives are essentially like a "sword of Damocles" that perpetually hangs over the U.S. financial system.
When I start talking about derivatives I get a lot of people in the financial community mad at me.  On Wall Street today you can bet on just about anything you can imagine.  Almost everyone in the financial world has gotten so used to making wild bets that they couldn't even imagine a world without them.  If anyone even tried to put significant limits on futures, options and swaps it would cause Wall Street to throw a hissy fit.
But someday the dominoes are going to start to fall and the house of cards is going to come crashing down.  It is an open secret that our financial system is fundamentally unsound.  Even a lot of people working on Wall Street will admit that.  It is just that people are so busy making such big piles of money that nobody wants the party to stop.
It is only a matter of time until some of these big banks get into a huge amount of trouble again.  When that happens, we might really find out whether they are "too big to fail" or whether we could get along just fine without them.
The U.S. government will never fix the national debt problem as long as it participates in the Federal Reserve system.
Founding fathers such as Thomas Jefferson tried to warn us about the danger of central banking.
Jefferson strongly believed that when the federal government borrows money in one generation that must be paid back by future generations it is equivalent to theft....
    And I sincerely believe, with you, that banking establishments are more dangerous than standing armies; and that the principle of spending money to be paid by posterity, under the name of funding, is but swindling futurity on a large scale.
Not only that, Thomas Jefferson actually said that if he could add just one more amendment to the U.S. Constitution it would be a complete ban on all government debt....
    I wish it were possible to obtain a single amendment to our Constitution. I would be willing to depend on that alone for the reduction of the administration of our government to the genuine principles of its Constitution; I mean an additional article, taking from the federal government the power of borrowing.
Of course we did not listen to Thomas Jefferson, did we?
Now we have gotten ourselves into one fine mess.
If the federal government shut down the Federal Reserve system, started issuing debt-free money and established a new system based on sound financial principles we might have a chance of turning this thing around.
But if we continue on the path that we are currently on, we are going to experience a financial disaster of unprecedented magnitude.  We have piled up the biggest mountain of debt in the history of the world, and a day of reckoning is approaching.
Our founding fathers tried to warn us about this, but we thought that we were so much smarter than them.
Now we get to suffer the consequences of our foolishness.
Wall Street Prostitution Ring BUSTED
Max Keiser: 'America will lose its sovereignty'
A Simple Solution to the Debt Crisis - Positive Money
Jessie J - Price Tag ft. B.o.B
The Real Reason the SEC Has Been Shredding Documents For Decades
Washington’s Blog; The Entire Government Strategy Is To Cover Up Fraud
August 19, 2011 Top Government Officials Created the Conditions In Which Fraud Would Flourish
I hope we shall crush in its birth the aristocracy of our monied corporations which dare already to challenge our government to a trial by strength, and bid defiance to the laws of our country.
Thomas Jefferson
25 Signs That The Financial World Is About To Hit The Big Red Panic Button
The Economic Collapse
Wednesday, August 31, 2011
America's 60 Families
"The United States is owned and dominated today by a hierarchy of its sixty richest families, buttressed by no more than ninety families of lesser wealth... These families are the living center of the modern industrial oligarchy which dominates the United States, functioning discreetly under a de jure democratic form of government behind which a de facto government, absolutist and plutocratic in its lineaments, has gradually taken form since the Civil War. This de facto government is actually the government of the United States -- informal, invisible, shadowy. It is the government of money in a dollar democracy."
We're Ruled by Corrupt Bankers!
Satanic Debt Racket Exposed in Banker's Novel

by Henry Makow Ph.D.
"Bank Crisis Set to Trigger New Credit Crunch" says the latest newspaper headline.
Belgium author Pascal Roussel, 45, is well placed to explain the financial turmoil convulsing the world. By day, he works in the Financial Risk Dept.  of the European Investment Bank in Luxemburg.
No, he is not an Illuminati banker but a mere functionary. But he does not take his position lightly. For the last ten years, he has been studying the Illuminati conspiracy and has made contact with insiders. The result is a novel, "Divina Insidia - The Divine Trap,"  which explains the Illuminati conspiracy to the incredulous, and contains new insights and nuggets of information for old hands.
Most important, Roussel presents the conspiracy in a simple and plausible way, throwing our collective predicament into frightening relief.
According to Roussel, twelve "oligarchic families" have grown indescribably wealthy by lending "money" to governments at interest. These are the central bankers.  Most but not all are Illuminati Jews. Their wealth is in the trillions. Bill Gates and Warren Buffett are paupers in comparison.
The whole of modern history can be explained by their farm management practices. Wars are started to increase the debt and cull the herd. The goal is to cull the herd to 500 million and chip the remnant. These families and their henchmen own 80% of the world's wealth and do nothing useful yet believe the impoverished majority are parasites. 
Roussel,  explains how compound interest resulted in astronomical exponential gains year-after-year. All religions have banned lending at interest to prevent what actually has occurred: this immense wealth and power has fallen into the hands of Satanists.

The world's major banks are mere proxies for these twelve families who create the money out of nothing. (The banks get their "money" from them.) Greece is the target now but eventually the whole world will be squeezed like an lemon to get this "money" back. ("We will absorb all the wealth of the world," is how Cecil Rhodes described it to his patron Nathan Rothschild.)

They threaten depositors will lose their savings if banks fail. But, it is really these twelve families of generational Satanists who want their pound of flesh.
If our governments weren't run by their lackeys, they would protect the deposits and let the "oligarchic families" twist in the wind. Roussel doesn't name the families but obviously one is the Rothschilds.

Roussel explains that fractional reserve banking is a ponzi scheme. They lend $90 for every $100 on deposit. Those $90 are deposited somewhere else and $81 more dollars are lent. So it continues ad infinitum.
Obviously, the way to fight this beast is to withdraw your cash from the bank.
Roussel's narrative revolves around a Rothschild who has a spiritual revelation and wants to issue a warning. He selects an attractive young Swiss journalist,  Ann Standford, to write a book and deposits a fortune into her bank account.
He then takes her on a Cook's Tour of Illuminati landmarks -- the Georgia Guidestones, a Bilderberg meeting, Bohemian Grove etc. -- explaining some aspect of the conspiracy in each place.

He describes its origins in paganism and the Kabbalah, which led to the Illuminist philosophy. But ultimately, it boils down to debt and interest.
"You want to defeat us?" Roussel's Rothschild says."Abolish loans with interest and don't create any more money. Economic cycles will disappear. Wealth will no longer be concentrated in the hands of a few "mega creditors" like me and money will gain value in time.  What you bequeath to your children will have more value than when you first got it."    

Meanwhile another Illuminati "superior" has put assassins on their trail. Roussel's storytelling is workman-like and his wholesome European Christian sensibility is uplifting.
The ending is quite unexpected and inspired. The book is worth reading  for it alone. Roussel leaves us with a credible vision of defiance and hope. All we need do is affirm the Truth and resist evil. The whole rotten structure will collapse.     
Carrol Quigley - "the bankers' plan" From Tragedy and Hope.
"The Power of financial capitalism had [a] far reaching plan, nothing less than to create a world system of financial control in private hands able to dominate the political system of each country and the economy of the world as a whole.
This system was to be controlled in a feudalistic fashion by the central banks of the world acting in concert, by secret agreements arrived at in frequent meetings and conferences.
The apex of the system was to be the Bank for International Settlements in Basel, Switzerland, a private bank owned and controlled by the world's central banks, which were themselves private corporations.
Each central bank sought to dominate its government by its ability to control treasury loans, to manipulate foreign exchanges, to influence the level of economic activity in the country, and to influence co-operative politicians by subsequent rewards in the business world."
The Revolution Against the Federal Reserve Starts Now
October 6, 2011
The Federal Reserve banking system is at the root of that problem and a perpetual impediment towards ending the global economic crisis that continues to grow.
Washington D.C. (October 4, 2011) — Congressman Dennis Kucinich (D-OH) today released the following video and statement in support of the protestors on Wall Street and around the country who have identified themselves with the hashtag #OccupyWallStreet:

“To the young men and women who are braving the overreaction of local authorities to raise their voices against the corruption and manipulation of our nation that emanates from Wall Street: I say to you that your presence is making a difference. You are exercising the right every American holds most dear, the right of freedom of expression, and with that expression you are finally getting the attention of the nation.
“Wall Street banks got billion dollar bailouts but the American people get austerity. Fourteen million Americans are out of work. 50 million people don’t have health insurance and a million people a year lose their homes to foreclosure. Our policies take the wealth of the nation and accelerate it into the hands of the few.
“We need a government of the people and for the people. We need a financial system that is of the people and for the people. It is time we take our nation back and take our monetary system back from the big banks.
“I recently introduced H.R. 2990, the National Emergency Employment Defense Act, to put the Federal Reserve under the Treasury, to end the practice of fractional reserve banking and to take control of our monetary policy and make sure it works for the people.
“We can use our Constitutional authority to coin money and spend it into circulation to put millions of Americans back to work in a way that is noninflationary. The time for bold change is now.
“We are the American people. Our dream of freedom and prosperity is too big to fail.”
Dennis Kucinich Tells Occupy Wall Street to Nationalize the Federal Reserve
Dennis Kucinich
You Tube
October 6, 2011
SUPPORT H.R. 2990, the National Emergency Employment Defense Act, to put the Federal Reserve under the Treasury, to end the practice of fractional reserve banking and to take control of our monetary policy and make sure it works for the people.
The Coming Derivatives Crisis That Could Destroy The Entire Global Financial System
read more>>>>>>>>>The Coming Economic Collapse
Vatican Calls for “Central World Bank” Kurt Nimmo October 24, 201
The Vatican has called for a “global public authority” and a world central bank to rule over financial affairs in the wake of the engineered economic collapse. August 11, 2011

Immediately following the announcement of the S&P downgrade, defiant Chicagoans took the the streets and demanded the arrest of the Bankers and an the end of the Federal Reserve system. This was never covered on any news outlet.
MF Global Looted Customers’ Accounts Via Internal Bank Run
Big players got warning ahead of time that financial broker was set to collapse
Paul Joseph Watson
Wednesday, November 16, 2011
Have You Heard About The 16 Trillion Dollar Bailout The Federal Reserve Handed To The Too Big To Fails?
Economic Collapse Blog

Friday, December 2, 2011
Restore the Use of the Bank of Canada for Canadians
Economic think tank confronts the global financial powers in Canadian Federal Court

Global Research
December 21, 2011
Who Creates Money? (Hint: Banks, as debt, via Fractional Reserve Banking)
The Rothschild Banker Behind The World's Drug Cartels
The Federal Reserve, Rothschild, and Vatican Banking Cartels - The Monetary Axis of Evil
Eye of the Phoenix - Secrets of the Dollar Bill: How America May Have Been Founded
Rothschild clan moves to cement its grip
The War At The End Of The Dollar
WHO OWNS THE Federal reserve banking system?
Corrupt Canadian Banking System
Liens Filed Against Federal Reserve Banks
Obama: Head Over Heels for Jamie Dimon and JP Morgan Chase
“Lenin is said to have declared that the best way to destroy the capitalist system was to debauch the currency. By a continuing process of inflation, governments can confiscate, secretly and unobserved, an important part of the wealth of their citizens. By this method they not only confiscate, but they confiscate arbitrarily; and, while the process impoverishes many, it actually enriches some.”
Federal Reserve Board Members Gave Their Own Banks $4 Trillion in Bailouts
We are absolutely slaves to central banks.”
11 Things That Can Happen When You Allow Your Country To Become Enslaved To The Bankers
Michael Snyder
The Economic Collapse
Aug 10, 2012
Audit of NY Fed Reveals Technocrat’s Creation and Cover-Up of Global Financial Crash
Cui Bono Fed: Who Benefits from the Federal Reserve?
GBTV: The Fed is a scam
Debt Slavery – Why It Destroyed Rome, Why It Will Destroy Us Unless It’s Stopped
We do not have to allow the banks to create our money.
There Is No National Debt Unless You Want It
Major Banks, Governmental Officials and Their Comrade Capitalists Targets of Spire Law Group, LLP's Racketeering and Money Laundering Lawsuit Seeking Return of $43 Trillion to the United States Treasury
The Money Myth Exploded
The Coming Derivatives Panic That Will Destroy Global Financial Markets
The “fiscal cliff” is a myth.Instead, it is a descent into lawlessness
CEO of JPMorgan says you don’t need to know how banking works
Who Controls The Money? An Unelected, Unaccountable Central Bank Of The World Secretly Does
Iran to Execute 4 Bankers on Fraud Charges
Germany was utterly bankrupted - destroyed totally under crippling debt.  One person realised this danger and turned Germany from a 3rd world country to the world superpower in the space of 5 years. From taking a wheelbarrow full of Deutschmarks for a loaf of bread to buying your food from loose change in your pocket based on Reichsmark s. All he had to do is what nations around the world need to realise and do - he removed the Banksters money from Germany and printed his own!!
Senators: 'Prosecution-Free Zone' for Big Banks?
Debt bondage has been defined by the United Nations as a form of "modern day slavery" [4] and is prohibited by international law. (1956 Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery,       Signed , 7 September 1956)
Article 1